For the fiscal year ended January 28, 2006
Table of Contents

SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION

Washington, D.C. 20549

 


FORM 10-K

 


 

x ANNUAL REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the fiscal year ended January 28, 2006

OR

 

¨ TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from              to             

Commission File No. 1-12302

 


Barnes & Noble, Inc.

(Exact name of registrant as specified in its Charter)

 


 

Delaware   06-1196501

(State or other jurisdiction of

incorporation or organization)

 

(I.R.S. Employer

Identification No.)

122 Fifth Avenue, New York, NY   10011
(Address of principal executive offices)   (Zip Code)

Registrant’s telephone number, including area code: (212) 633-3300

 


Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 

Common Stock, $0.001 par value per share

Rights to Purchase Series H Preferred Stock, $0.001 par value per share

  

New York Stock Exchange

New York Stock Exchange

(Title of Class)    (Name of Exchange on which registered)

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(g) of the Act: None

 


Indicate by check mark if the registrant is a well-known seasoned issuer, as defined in Rule 405 of the Securities Act.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if the registrant is not required to file reports pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Act.    Yes  ¨    No  x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes  x    No  ¨

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers pursuant to Item 405 of Regulation S-K is not contained herein, and will not be contained, to the best of registrant’s knowledge, in definitive proxy or information statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any amendment to this Form 10-K.  x

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, or a non-accelerated filer. See definition of “accelerated filer and large accelerated filer” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):

 

Large Accelerated Filer   x   Accelerated filer  ¨   Non-accelerated filer  ¨

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).    Yes  ¨    No  x

The aggregate market value of the voting and non-voting stock held by non-affiliates of the registrant was approximately $2,224,985,263 based upon the closing market price of $41.02 per share of Common Stock on the New York Stock Exchange as of July 29, 2005.

Number of shares of $.001 par value Common Stock outstanding as of March 31, 2006: 66,297,741.

DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE

Portions of the Registrant’s Proxy Statement for the 2006 Annual Meeting of Shareholders are incorporated by reference into Part III.

Portions of the Registrant’s Annual Report to Shareholders for the fiscal year ended January 28, 2006 are incorporated by reference into Parts II and IV.

 



Table of Contents

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

         Page
  PART I   
Item 1.   Business    3
Item 1A.   Risk Factors    13
Item 1B.   Unresolved Staff Comments    16
Item 2.   Properties    16
Item 3.   Legal Proceedings    17
Item 4.   Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders    19
  PART II   
Item 5.   Market for Registrant’s Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters    19
Item 6.   Selected Financial Data    21
Item 7.   Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations    21
Item 7A.   Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk    21
Item 8.   Financial Statements and Supplementary Data    21
Item 9.   Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure    21
Item 9A.   Controls and Procedures    22
Item 9B.   Other Information    23
  PART III   
Item 10.   Directors and Executive Officers of the Registrant    23
Item 11.   Executive Compensation    23
Item 12.   Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management and Related Stockholder Matters    24
Item 13.   Certain Relationships and Related Transactions    24
Item 14.   Principal Accountant Fees and Services    24
  PART IV   
Item 15.   Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedule    25
  Signatures    29

 

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PART I

ITEM 1. BUSINESS

General

Barnes & Noble, Inc. (Barnes & Noble or the Company), the nation’s largest bookseller1, as of January 28, 2006 operated 799 bookstores and a Web site. Of the 799 bookstores, 681 operate primarily under the Barnes & Noble Booksellers trade name (27 of which were opened in fiscal 2005) and 118 operate primarily under the B. Dalton Bookseller trade name. Barnes & Noble conducts the online part of its business through barnesandnoble.com llc (Barnes & Noble.com), one of the largest sellers of books on the Internet. Through Sterling Publishing Co., Inc. (Sterling or Sterling Publishing), the Company is a leading general trade book publisher. Additionally, the Company owns an approximate 74% interest in Calendar Club L.L.C. (Calendar Club), an operator of seasonal kiosks.

The Company’s principal business is the sale of trade books (generally hardcover and paperback consumer titles, excluding educational textbooks and specialized religious titles), mass market paperbacks (such as mystery, romance, science fiction and other popular fiction), children’s books, bargain books, magazines, music and movies direct to customers. These collectively account for substantially all of the Company’s sales. During fiscal 2005, the Company’s share of the consumer book market was approximately 17%. Bestsellers (the “top ten” hardcover fiction, hardcover non-fiction and trade paperbacks discounted each week) typically represent between 3% and 5% of Barnes & Noble store sales.

The Company’s fiscal year is comprised of 52 or 53 weeks, ending on the Saturday closest to the last day of January. The fiscal years ended January 28, 2006 (fiscal 2005) and January 29, 2005 (fiscal 2004) were comprised of 52 weeks.

The Company was incorporated in Delaware in 1986.

Bookstores

General

Barnes & Noble is the nation’s largest operator of bookstores1 with 681 Barnes & Noble stores located in all 50 states and the District of Columbia as of January 28, 2006. With 40 years of bookselling experience, management has a strong sense of customers’ changing needs and the Company leads book retailing with a “community store” concept. Barnes & Noble’s typical store offers a comprehensive title base, a café, a children’s section, a music department, a magazine section and a calendar of ongoing events, including author appearances and children’s activities, that make each Barnes & Noble store an active part of its community.

Barnes & Noble stores range in size from 10,000 to 60,000 square feet depending upon market size with an overall average store size of 25,000 square feet. Barnes & Noble stores opened during fiscal 2005 added 0.5 million square feet to the Barnes & Noble store base, bringing the total square footage to 16.9 million square feet, a 3% increase over the prior fiscal year. The Company plans to open between 30 and 40 Barnes & Noble stores in the fiscal year ending February 3, 2007 (fiscal 2006), which are expected to average 28,000 square feet in size.

 


1 Based upon sales reported in trade publications and public filings.

 

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At the end of fiscal 2005, the Company operated 118 B. Dalton bookstores. Most of the B. Dalton stores range in size from 2,000 to 6,000 square feet. B. Dalton generally discounts between 15% and 30% off publishers’ suggested retail prices for hardcover bestsellers. B. Dalton also offers the Barnes & Noble Membership Program which gives members additional discounts and other benefits.

The Company is continuing its controlled descent in the number of its B. Dalton stores in response to declining sales attributable primarily to superstore competition. Part of the Company’s strategy has been to close underperforming stores, which has resulted in the closing of 849 (36 in fiscal 2005) B. Dalton bookstores since 1989.

The Company believes that the key elements contributing to the success of the Barnes & Noble stores are:

Proximity to Customers. The Company’s strategy is to increase its share of the consumer book market, as well as to increase the size of the market. Since it began its bookstore roll-out, the Company has employed a market clustering strategy. As of January 28, 2006, Barnes & Noble had stores in 159 of the total 210 DMA (Designated Market Area) markets. In 67 of the 159 markets, the Company has only one Barnes & Noble store. The Company believes its bookstores’ proximity to their customers strengthens its market position and increases its franchise value. Most Barnes & Noble stores are located in high-traffic areas with convenient access to major commercial thoroughfares and ample parking. Most stores offer extended shopping hours, generally 9:00 a.m. to 11:00 p.m., seven days a week.

Dominant Title Selection. Each Barnes & Noble store features an authoritative selection of books, ranging from 60,000 to 200,000 titles. The comprehensive title selection is diverse and reflects local interests. In addition, Barnes & Noble emphasizes books published by small and independent publishers and university presses. Bestsellers typically represent between 3% and 5% of Barnes & Noble store sales. Complementing this extensive on-site selection, all Barnes & Noble stores provide customers with access to the millions of books available to online shoppers at Barnes & Noble.com while offering an option to have the book sent to the store or shipped directly to the customer. The Company believes that its tremendous selection, including many otherwise hard-to-find titles, builds customer loyalty.

Store Design and Ambiance. Many of the Barnes & Noble stores create a comfortable atmosphere with ample public space; a café offering, among other things, sandwiches and bakery items; and public restrooms. The cafés, for which the Starbucks Corporation is the sole provider of coffee products, foster the image of the stores as a community meeting place. In addition, the Company continues to develop and introduce new product line extensions, such as gift, game, music, video, DVD and children’s sections, to meet customers’ changing tastes and needs. These offerings and services have helped to make many of the stores neighborhood institutions.

Music Departments. Many of the Barnes & Noble stores have music departments, which range in size from 1,700 to 7,800 square feet. The music departments generally stock over 40,000 titles in classical music, opera, jazz, blues and pop rock and an extensive collection of DVDs, tailored to the tastes of the Company’s core customers. The music department features RedDotNet, an advanced listening station technology. RedDotNet enables customers to listen to any compact disc in the store, sampling up to 200,000 music titles using scanner technology. RedDotNet is connected to the Company’s online electronic music catalog.

 

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Discount Pricing. Barnes & Noble stores employ an aggressive nationwide discount pricing strategy. The current pricing is 30% off publishers’ suggested retail prices for hardcover bestsellers, 20% off trade paperback bestsellers and 20% off select feature titles in departments such as children’s books and computer books. The Company also offers the Barnes & Noble Membership Program which entitles the customer to receive a 10% discount in the Company’s stores and on the Barnes & Noble.com Web site along with other benefits.

Marketing and Community Relations. Barnes & Noble stores are launched with a major grand opening campaign involving extensive print and radio advertising, direct-mail marketing and community events. Each store plans its own community-based calendar of events, including author appearances, children’s storytelling hours, poetry readings and discussion groups. The Company believes its community focus encourages customer loyalty, word-of-mouth publicity and media coverage. The Company also supports communities through efforts on behalf of local non-profit organizations that focus on literacy, the arts or education (K-12).

Merchandising and Marketing

The Company’s merchandising strategy for its Barnes & Noble stores is to be the authoritative community carrying a dominant selection of titles in all subjects, including an extensive selection of titles from small independent publishers and university presses. Each Barnes & Noble store features an extensive selection of books from 60,000 to 200,000 unique titles, of which approximately 50,000 titles are common to all stores. The balance is crafted to reflect the lifestyles and interests of each store’s customers. Before a store opens, the Company’s buyers study the community and customize the title selection with offerings from the store’s local publishers and authors. After the store opens, each Barnes & Noble store manager is responsible for adjusting the buyers’ selection to the interests, lifestyles and demands of the store’s local customers. BookMaster, the Company’s proprietary inventory management database, has more than five million titles. It includes catalogued sales rankings of over three million titles in over 180 subjects and provides each store with comprehensive title selections in those subjects in which it seeks to expand. By enhancing the Company’s existing merchandise replenishment systems, BookMaster allows the Company to achieve high in-stock positions and productivity at the store level through efficiencies in receiving, cashiering and returns processing. The Company has integrated the BookMaster system used in its stores with Barnes & Noble.com so that customers share the same experience across both channels.

The Company has a multi-channel strategy for marketing and uses its Web site as a means of communicating with and marketing to its customers. The Company’s customers increasingly refer to the Web site before making a visit to the stores. For example, the store locator feature receives over 500,000 visits each year for everything from getting directions to finding out about author signing events and children’s storytelling times. The Company believes that the Web site provides tremendous advertising power as a result of the impressions generated by the traffic to Barnes & Noble.com. The Company estimates that if it were to go into the Web advertising marketplace and secure an equal number of impressions from deals with search engines and portals, the value of an equal amount of exposure would be in the tens of millions of dollars. In this way, Barnes & Noble.com serves as both the Company’s direct-to-home delivery service and as a broadcast channel and advertising medium for the Barnes & Noble brand. The Company firmly believes that its Web site is a key factor behind its industry leading comparable store sales gains.

 

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Store Locations and Properties

The Company’s experienced real estate personnel select sites for new Barnes & Noble stores after an extensive review of demographic data and other information relating to market potential, bookstore visibility and access, available parking, surrounding businesses, compatible nearby tenants, competition and the location of other Barnes & Noble stores. Most stores are located in high-visibility areas adjacent to main traffic corridors in strip shopping centers or freestanding buildings. The Company has successfully converted existing structures such as old movie theaters, bowling alleys, power plants and landmark buildings into bookstores.

The number of Barnes & Noble stores located in each state and the District of Columbia as of January 28, 2006 are listed below:

 

STATE  

NUMBER

OF STORES

  STATE  

NUMBER

OF STORES

Alabama   7   Missouri   13
Alaska   1   Montana   4
Arizona   19   Nebraska   4
Arkansas   4   Nevada   5
California   85   New Hampshire   4
Colorado   16   New Jersey   25
Connecticut   11   New Mexico   3
Delaware   1   New York   47
District of Columbia   2   North Carolina   18
Florida   43   North Dakota   2
Georgia   19   Ohio   19
Hawaii   2   Oklahoma   5
Idaho   3   Oregon   8
Illinois   30   Pennsylvania   27
Indiana   11   Rhode Island   3
Iowa   8   South Carolina   10
Kansas   4   South Dakota   1
Kentucky   7   Tennessee   9
Louisiana   6   Texas   56
Maine   1   Utah   9
Maryland   12   Vermont   1
Massachusetts   20   Virginia   23
Michigan   20   Washington   18
Minnesota   21   West Virginia   1
Mississippi   2   Wisconsin   10
    Wyoming   1

Expansion

According to Veronis, Suhler & Associates Communications Industry Forecast (Veronis Suhler), total U.S. consumer spending on books is expected to increase at a compound annual growth rate of 2.1%, from approximately $19.8 billion in 2004 to approximately $21.9 billion in 2009. The Company believes Barnes & Noble stores offer the greatest opportunity to increase the

 

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Company’s share of the expanding consumer book market. The Company expects to open approximately 30 to 40 new Barnes & Noble stores during fiscal 2006. Management positions in those stores are expected to be filled mostly by employees from existing stores.

The number of B. Dalton stores located in each state and the District of Columbia as of January 28, 2006 are listed below:

 

STATE  

NUMBER

OF STORES

  STATE  

NUMBER

OF STORES

Arizona   1   Nebraska   1
Arkansas   1   Nevada   2
California   16   New Hampshire   1
Colorado   1   New Jersey   4
District of Columbia   1   New Mexico   1
Florida   6   New York   4
Georgia   2   North Carolina   2
Idaho   1   North Dakota   3
Illinois   5   Ohio   8
Indiana   3   Oregon   1
Iowa   4   Pennsylvania   6
Kansas   2   South Carolina   1
Louisiana   3   South Dakota   1
Maine   2   Texas   4
Maryland   2   Utah   1
Massachusetts   3   Virginia   6
Michigan   8   Washington   3
Minnesota   4   Wisconsin   1
Missouri   2   Wyoming   1

Barnes & Noble.com

General

Barnes & Noble.com sells books, music and movies, and, to a lesser extent, used books, gifts, educational games and toys and video games. With access to one of the industry’s largest in-stock inventories of new books, Barnes & Noble.com can offer fast delivery throughout the U.S. Barnes & Noble.com’s unique service, “Fast&Free Delivery,” enables customers in the continental U.S. to receive their deliveries within three business days, with no delivery charge on purchases of $25 and over. Visited by millions of users each month, Barnes & Noble.com has shipped products to customers in 230 countries since its inception in 1997. Barnes & Noble.com provides exclusive content features such as “Meet the Writers,” “What America’s Reading,” audio and video author interviews, and online reading groups, as well as third-party reviews, first chapters and table of contents, and thousands of music clips and video trailers.

In the fourth quarter 2005 American Customer Satisfaction Index compiled by the University of Michigan, Barnes & Noble.com received the highest rating in the e-commerce category for the second year in a row. This annual survey is recognized as the industry’s leading indicator of customer satisfaction. According to the comScore MediaMetrix December 2005 report, Barnes & Noble.com’s site was the twenty-first most-trafficked shopping destination, as measured by the number of unique visitors.

 

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Industry Background

E-Commerce. The arena of e-commerce provides retailers with the opportunity to serve a rapidly growing market, fueled by increased consumer acceptance of the Internet as an alternative shopping channel. According to the January 2006 Forrester US eCommerce report, online shopping for 2005 was $165.0 billion. Online shopping is expected to reach $329.0 billion in the year 2010 (Forrester September 2005 US eCommerce report).

Online Shopping Forecast. Forrester Research forecasts accelerating acceptance of the Internet as a channel that consumers will use to purchase a wide range of products. For the categories of Barnes & Noble.com’s primary focus of books, music and movies, Forrester Research forecasts significant growth in online sales. Forrester Research estimates that North American online sales of books will grow from $4.3 billion in 2005 to $6.4 billion by 2010. In addition, Forrester Research estimates online sales in 2010 for music and movies to be $2.5 billion, up from $1.6 billion in 2005, and $5.9 billion, up from $2.8 billion in 2005, respectively.

Products that are Well Suited for E-Commerce. The products carried by Barnes & Noble.com are particularly well suited for e-commerce because an online store has virtually unlimited shelf space and can offer consumers anywhere the convenience of browsing through large product information databases. The use of sophisticated search and browse engines enables users to find books and music with convenience and speed and to get advance notice about new titles in their areas of personal interest. Editorial content, such as synopses, excerpts, reviews and recommendations, downloadable music sound samples and over 10,000 movie trailers, make for a more educated and entertaining purchasing decision. In addition, Barnes & Noble.com’s core categories, books, music and movies, are popular and economical gift items. According to the December 2005 eSpending Report from Goldman Sachs & Co., Harris Interactive, and Nielsen/NetRatings, during the holiday 2005 season (October 29, 2005 to December 23, 2005) the books category reached $2.9 billion in sales or 9.6% of U.S. online spending.

Marketing and Promotion

Barnes & Noble.com has an affiliate network of more than 200,000 Web sites which earn referral fees by linking their users to Barnes & Noble.com. In addition, Barnes & Noble.com also advertises via paid search on all major search engines. Barnes & Noble.com also maintains a highly effective email marketing program, including genre-related newsletters and bulletins.

Barnes & Noble pursues a multi-channel marketing strategy, making it easy and convenient for customers to shop in its stores and at Barnes & Noble.com by having consistent marketing programs available in both channels. For example, Barnes & Noble.com is an important component of the Barnes & Noble Membership Program, the Company’s customer loyalty program. Members receive a 10% discount on virtually all purchases made either in store or on Barnes & Noble.com.

 

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Sterling Publishing

The Company’s subsidiary Sterling Publishing is a leading general trade book publisher. Its active title list comprises over 5,000 titles, and publishes several hundred new titles each year. Sterling’s publication list is particularly extensive in “books for enthusiasts,” categories that include mind enhancement, puzzles and games, crafts, home repair and remodeling, woodworking, photography, and wines and spirits. Sterling’s list comprises books that it originates itself, purchases from domestic and international book packagers, and those that it distributes for other publishers.

Calendar Club

The Company owns a 74% interest in Calendar Club L.L.C., an operator of seasonal kiosks.

Store Operations

The Company has seasoned management teams for its stores, including those for real estate, merchandising and store operations. Field management includes regional directors and district managers supervising multiple store locations.

Each Barnes & Noble store generally employs a manager, two assistant managers and approximately 50 full- and part-time booksellers. Many Barnes & Noble stores also employ a full-time community relations manager. The large employee base provides the Company with experienced booksellers to fill positions in the Company’s new Barnes & Noble stores. The Company anticipates that a significant percentage of the personnel required to manage its expanding business will continue to come from within its existing operations.

Field management for all of the Company’s bookstores, including regional directors, district managers and store managers, participate in an incentive program tied to store productivity. The Company believes that the compensation of its field management is competitive with that offered by other specialty retailers of comparable size.

Barnes & Noble has in-store training programs providing specific information needed for success at each level, beginning with the entry-level positions of bookseller. Store managers attend annual merchandising conferences every fall, and district managers participate in semi-annual training and merchandising conferences. Store managers are generally responsible for training other booksellers and employees in accordance with detailed procedures and guidelines prescribed by the Company, utilizing training aids available at each bookstore.

Purchasing

Barnes & Noble’s buyers negotiate terms, discounts and cooperative advertising allowances with publishers and other suppliers for all of the Company’s bookstores. The Company’s distribution centers enable it to maximize available discounts and enhance its ability to create marketing programs with many of its vendors. The Company has teams of buyers who specialize in customizing inventory for bookselling in stores and online. Store inventories are further customized by store managers, who may respond to local demand by purchasing a limited amount of fast-selling titles through a nationwide wholesaling network, including the Company’s distribution centers.

 

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The Company purchases books on a regular basis from over 1,700 publishers and approximately 20 wholesalers and distributors. Purchases from the top five suppliers (including publishers, wholesales and distributors) accounted for approximately 49% of the Company’s book purchases during fiscal 2005, and no single supplier accounted for more than 14% of the Company’s purchases during this period. Consistent with industry practice, a substantial majority of the Company’s book purchases are returnable for full credit, a practice which substantially reduces the Company’s risk of inventory obsolescence.

Publishers control the distribution of titles by virtue of copyright protection, which limits availability on most titles to a single publisher. Since the retail, or list, prices of titles, as well as the retailers’ cost price, are also generally determined by publishers, the Company has limited options concerning availability, cost and profitability of its book inventory. However, these limitations are mitigated by the substantial number of titles available, the Company’s ability to maximize available discounts and its well-established relationships with publishers, which are enhanced by the Company’s significant purchasing volume.

Publishers periodically offer their excess inventory in the form of remainder books to book retailers and wholesalers through an auction process which generally favors booksellers such as the Company who are able to buy substantial quantities. These books are generally purchased in large quantities at favorable prices and are then sold to consumers at significant discounts off publishers’ list prices.

Distribution

The Company has invested significant capital in its systems and technology by building new platforms, implementing new software applications and maintaining efficient distribution centers. Historically, the Company had replenished through its distribution network some of its fast-moving frontlist titles and bargain and self-published books and had the remaining inventory drop-shipped directly to the stores from wholesalers and publishers. The Company now sources an increasingly larger percentage of its inventory through the distribution centers, which has increased direct buying from publishers rather than wholesalers. This has also led to improved just-in-time deliveries to stores and the ability to offer “Fast&Free Delivery” through its Web site directly to customers.

As of January 28, 2006, the Company had approximately 3.5 million square feet of distribution center capacity. In fiscal 2004, the Company broke ground on its new 1,145,000 square foot distribution center in Monroe Township, New Jersey. The new facility will provide adequate space to handle the Company’s growth over the next decade. The new distribution center became operational in August 2005 and is currently shipping merchandise to stores and online customers in the eastern United States. The new facility is replacing five smaller distribution centers totaling 1.2 million square feet. The Company expects to transition out of and close these centers throughout fiscal 2006.

The Company also has a 600,000 square foot distribution center in Reno, Nevada, which is used to facilitate distribution to stores and online customers in the western United States. The Company also has 380,000 square feet and 138,658 square feet of distribution center capacity for facilitating a portion of Barnes & Noble.com sales and Sterling Publishing third-party sales, respectively.

 

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Management Information and Control Systems

The Company has focused a majority of its information resources on strategically positioning and implementing systems to support store operations, online technology requirements, merchandising, distribution, marketing and finance.

BookMaster, the Company’s bookstore inventory management system, integrates point-of-sale features that utilize a proprietary data-warehouse based replenishment system. BookMaster enhances communications and real-time access to the Company’s network of bookstores, distribution centers and wholesalers. In addition, the implementation of just-in-time replenishment has provided for more rapid replenishment of books to all of the Company’s bookstores, resulting in higher in-stock positions and better productivity at the bookstore level through efficiencies in receiving, cashiering and returns processing.

The Company believes that it has built a leading interactive e-commerce platform, and plans to continue to invest in technologies that will enable it to offer its customers the most convenient and user-friendly online shopping experience. Barnes & Noble.com has licensed existing commercial technology when available and has focused its internal development efforts on those proprietary systems necessary to provide the highest level of value and service to its customers. The overall mix of technologies and applications in use by Barnes & Noble.com allows it to support a distributed, scalable and secure e-commerce environment.

The Company uses Intel-based server technology in a fully redundant configuration to power its Web site, which is hosted in two locations. At these locations, the Company maintains computers that store its Web pages in electronic form and transmits them to requesting users. Such storage and transmittal is called hosting. The Company utilizes two hosting locations. Each of the hosting locations is “co-located” within leading edge hosting facilities that are maintained by two different hosting vendors. Either site has sufficient capacity to support the volume of traffic directed toward the Company’s Web site during peak periods. Both hosting locations are configured with excess Internet telecommunications capacity to ensure quick response time and three separate Internet service providers are used. By maintaining redundant host locations, the Company has significantly reduced its exposure to downtime and service outages. Additionally, the Company believes its technology investments are scalable.

The Company continues to implement systems to improve efficiencies in back office processing in the human resources, finance and merchandising areas. An offsite business recovery capability has been developed and implemented to assure uninterrupted systems support.

Competition

The book business is highly competitive in every channel in which Barnes & Noble competes. The Company competes with large bookstores including Borders Group, Inc. (Borders) and Books-A-Million and smaller format bookstores such as Waldenbooks. The Company faces competition with many e-commerce businesses, notably Amazon.com, which has a longer online operating history and a larger existing customer base than Barnes & Noble.com. The Company also faces competition from mass merchandisers, such as Wal-Mart and Costco, some of which may have greater financial and other resources than the Company. The Company’s bookstores also compete with specialty retail stores that offer books in particular

 

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subject areas, independent single store operators, variety discounters, drug stores, warehouse clubs, mail-order clubs and other retailers offering books and music. In addition, the Company’s bookstores may also face competition from the expanding market for electronic books.

The music and movie businesses are also highly competitive and the Company faces competition from large established music chains, established movie chains, as well as specialty retail stores, e-commerce businesses, movie rental stores, discount stores, warehouse clubs and mass merchandisers. In addition, consumers receive television and mail-order offers and have access to mail-order clubs. The largest mail-order clubs are affiliated with major manufacturers of pre-recorded music and may have advantageous marketing relationships with their affiliates.

Trademarks and Servicemarks

B. Dalton Bookseller, Bookstar, Readers’ Advantage, Book$avers, Calendar Club, Go! The Game Store, The San Francisco Music Box Company, and Christmas Corner are Company-owned servicemarks registered with the United States Patent and Trademark Office. Anna Rosa is a Company-owned trademark registered with the United States Patent and Trademark Office. Barnes & Noble is a federally registered servicemark which has been licensed to the Company under a perpetual license agreement which is royalty-free.

Seasonality

The Company’s business, like that of many retailers, is seasonal, with the major portion of sales and operating profit realized during the fourth quarter which includes the holiday selling season.

Employees

The Company cultivates a culture of outgoing, helpful and knowledgeable employees. As of January 28, 2006, the Company had approximately 39,000 full- and part-time booksellers. The Company’s employees are not represented by unions, with the exception of 33 Sterling employees, and the Company believes that its relationship with its employees is excellent.

Available Information

The Company files annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q and current reports on Form 8-K, proxy statements and other information with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC). Any materials filed by the Company with the SEC may be read and copied at the SEC’s Public Reference Room at 100 F Street, NE, Washington, D.C. 20549. Information on the operation of the SEC’s Public Reference Room is available by calling the SEC at 1-800-SEC-0330. The SEC maintains a Web site that contains annual, quarterly and current reports, proxy statements and other information that issuers (including the Company) file electronically with the SEC. The internet address of the SEC’s Web site is http://www.sec.gov.

The Company makes available on its Web site at www.barnesandnobleinc.com under “For Investors” - “SEC Documents,” free of charge, its annual reports on Form 10-K, quarterly reports on Form 10-Q, current reports on Form 8-K, and amendments to those reports as soon as reasonably practicable after the Company electronically files or furnishes such material with the SEC.

 

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The Company has adopted Corporate Governance Guidelines, a Code of Business Conduct and Ethics, a Code of Ethics for Senior Financial Officers, and written charters for the Company’s Audit Committee, Compensation Committee and Nominating & Corporate Governance Committee. Each of the foregoing is available on the Company’s Web site at www.barnesandnobleinc.com under “For Investors” – “Corporate Governance” and in print to any stockholder who requests it, in writing to the Company’s Secretary, Barnes & Noble, Inc., 122 Fifth Avenue, New York, New York 10011. In accordance with SEC rules, the Company intends to disclose any amendment (other than any technical, administrative, or other non-substantive amendment) to, or any waiver from, a provision of the Code of Ethics for Senior Financial Officers on the Company’s Web site within five business days following such amendment or waiver.

ITEM 1A. Risk Factors

The following risk factors and other information included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K should be carefully considered. The risks and uncertainties described below are not the only ones faced by the Company. Additional risks and uncertainties not presently known or that are currently deemed immaterial also may impair the Company’s business operations. If any of the following risks occur, the Company’s business, financial condition, operating results and cash flows could be materially adversely affected.

Intense competition from traditional retail sources and the Internet may adversely affect the Company’s business.

The book business is highly competitive in every channel in which Barnes & Noble competes. The Company competes with large bookstores including Borders Group, Inc. (Borders) and Books-A-Million and smaller format bookstores such as Waldenbooks. The Company faces competition with many e-commerce businesses, notably Amazon.com, which has a longer online operating history and a larger existing customer base then Barnes & Noble.com. The Company also faces competition from mass merchandisers, such as Wal-Mart and Costco, some of which may have greater financial and other resources than the Company. The Company’s bookstores also compete with specialty retail stores that offer books in particular subject areas, independent single store operators, variety discounters, drug stores, warehouse clubs, mail-order clubs and other retailers offering books and music. In addition, the Company’s bookstores may also face competition from the expanding market for electronic books.

The music and movie businesses are also highly competitive and the Company faces competition from large established music chains, established movie chains, as well as specialty retail stores, e-commerce businesses, movie rental stores, discount stores, warehouse clubs and mass merchandisers. In addition, consumers receive television and mail-order offers and have access to mail-order clubs. The largest mail-order clubs are affiliated with major manufacturers of pre-recorded music and may have advantageous marketing relationships with their affiliates.

If the Company were unable to continue to open new stores, its growth may decline.

The Company’s growth depends in part on its ability to open new stores and operate them profitably. The Company opened 27 stores in fiscal 2005 and expects to open between 30 and 40 stores in fiscal 2006. In general, the rate of expansion depends, among other things, on general economic and business conditions affecting consumer confidence and spending, the availability of desired locations and qualified management personnel, the negotiation of acceptable lease terms, and the ability to manage the operational aspects of growth. It also depends upon the availability of adequate capital, which in turn depends in large part upon cash flow generated by the Company.

 

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The Company’s future results will depend, among other things, on its success in implementing an expansion strategy. If stores are opened more slowly than expected, sales at new stores reach targeted levels more slowly than expected (or fail to reach targeted levels) or related overhead costs increase in excess of expected levels, the Company’s ability to successfully implement its expansion strategy would be adversely affected. In addition, the Company expects to open new Barnes & Noble stores in certain markets in which the Company is already operating stores, which could adversely affect sales at those existing stores.

Furthermore, such expansion increases the complexity of the Company’s business and could place a significant strain on its management, operations, technical performance, financial resources, and internal financial control and reporting functions, and there can be no assurance that the Company will be able to manage it effectively. The Company’s current and planned personnel, systems, procedures and controls may not be adequate to support and effectively manage its future operations, especially as the Company employs personnel in multiple geographic locations. The Company may not be able to hire, train, retain, motivate and manage required personnel, which may limit its growth. If any of this were to occur, it could damage the Company’s reputation, limit growth, negatively affect operating results and harm the Company’s business.

There can be no assurance that the Company will sustain its rate of store growth or that it will achieve and sustain acceptable levels of profitability, particularly as other leading national and regional book, music and movie store chains develop and open stores.

The Company faces various risks as an Internet retailer.

The Company may require additional capital in the future to sustain or grow its online business. Business risks related to its online business include risks associated with the need to keep pace with rapid technological change, Internet security risks, risks of system failure or inadequacy, government regulation and legal uncertainties with respect to the Internet, and collection of sales or other taxes by one or more states or foreign jurisdictions. If any of these risks materializes, it could have an adverse effect on the Company’s business.

Changes in state sales and other tax collection regulations could harm the Company’s Internet business.

Barnes & Noble.com receives communications from time to time from various states regarding the applicability of state sales tax to sales made by Barnes & Noble.com to customers in their respective states. While management believes that the accompanying financial statements reflect the best current estimate of any potential liability in this area, there can be no assurance that the outcome of any discussions between Barnes & Noble.com and any state taxing authority will not result in the payment by Barnes & Noble.com of state taxes for prior periods, or that the amount of any such payments will not be materially in excess of any liability currently recorded.

 

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If the Company is unable to renew or enter into new leases on favorable terms, its revenue growth may decline.

Most of the Company’s stores are located in leased premises. If the cost of leasing existing stores increases, the Company cannot assure that it will be able to maintain its existing store locations as leases expire. In addition, the Company may not be able to enter into new leases on favorable terms or at all, or it may not be able to locate suitable alternative sites or additional sites for new store expansion in a timely manner. The Company’s revenues and earnings may decline if the Company fails to maintain existing store locations, enter into new leases, locate alternative sites or find additional sites for new store expansion.

The Company’s business is dependent on consumer spending patterns.

Sales of books, music and movies have historically been dependent upon discretionary consumer spending, which may be affected by general economic conditions, consumer confidence and other factors beyond the Company’s control. In addition, sales are dependent in part on the strength of new release products which are controlled by vendors. A decline in consumer spending on books, music and movies, or in the strength of new product releases, could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition and results of operations and its ability to fund its expansion strategy.

The Company’s business is highly seasonal.

The Company’s business is highly seasonal, with sales generally highest in the fourth quarter and lowest in the third quarter. During fiscal 2005, 34% of sales and 85% of operating income were generated in the fourth quarter. The Company’s results of operations depend significantly upon the holiday selling season in the fourth quarter. Less than satisfactory net sales for such period could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s financial condition or results of operations for the year and may not be sufficient to cover any losses which may be incurred in the first three quarters of the year.

The Company’s results of operations may fluctuate from quarter to quarter, which could affect the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations.

The Company’s results of operations may fluctuate from quarter to quarter depending upon several factors, some of which are beyond the Company’s control. These factors include the timing of new product releases, the timing of new store openings and shifts in the timing of certain promotions. These and other factors could affect the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations, and this makes the prediction of the Company’s financial results on a quarterly basis difficult. Also, it is possible that the Company’s quarterly financial results may be below the expectations of public market analysts and investors.

The Company’s business relies on certain key personnel.

Management believes that the Company’s continued success will depend to a significant extent upon the efforts and abilities of Leonard Riggio, Chairman, Stephen Riggio, Chief Executive Officer, Mitchell S. Klipper, Chief Operating Officer, and Marie J. Toulantis, Chief Executive Officer of Barnes & Noble.com, as well as certain other key officers of the Company and its subsidiaries. The loss of the services of any of these key officers could have a material adverse effect on the Company. The Company does not maintain “key man” life insurance on any of its officers.

 

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The Company may engage in acquisitions which could negatively impact its business if it fails to successfully complete and integrate them.

To enhance its efforts to grow and compete, the Company may engage in acquisitions. Any future acquisitions are subject to the Company’s ability to negotiate favorable terms for them. Accordingly, the Company cannot assure that future acquisitions will be completed. In addition, to facilitate future acquisitions, the Company may take actions that could dilute the equity interests of its stockholders, increase its debt or cause it to assume contingent liabilities, all of which may have a detrimental effect on the price of its common stock. Finally, if any acquisitions are not successfully integrated with the Company’s business, the Company’s ongoing operations could be adversely affected.

ITEM 1B. Unresolved Staff Comments

None.

ITEM 2. Properties

All but two of the Barnes & Noble stores are leased. The leases typically provide for an initial term of 10 or 15 years with one or more renewal options. The terms of the Barnes & Noble store leases for its 679 leased stores open as of January 28, 2006 expire as follows:

 

Lease Terms to Expire During

(12 months ending on or about January 31)

  

Number of

Stores

2007

   18

2008

   38

2009

   40

2010

   54

2011

   84

2012 and later

   445

All B. Dalton stores are leased. The leases generally provide for an initial 10-year term with no renewal option. Currently 10 store leases are on a month-to-month basis and the remaining 108 B. Dalton leases as of January 28, 2006 expire as follows:

 

Lease Terms to Expire During

(12 months ending on or about January 31)

  

Number of

Stores

2007

   78

2008

   16

2009

   8

2010

   1

2011

   2

2012 and later

   3

In addition to the bookstores, the Company leases eight distribution centers in New Jersey (6), Reno, Nevada (1) and Memphis, Tennessee (1) totaling 3,159,249 square feet.

 

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In fiscal 2005, the Company opened its new 1,145,000 square foot distribution center in Monroe Township, New Jersey. The new facility is expected to provide adequate space to handle the Company’s growth over the next decade. The remaining New Jersey distribution centers leases expire in the following years: 2006 (4) and 2010 (1).

The Company leases a 600,000 square foot distribution center in Reno, Nevada which lease expires in 2010.

The Company leases a 380,000 square foot distribution center in Memphis, Tennessee which lease expires in 2010.

The Company’s principal administrative, marketing and technical facilities are situated in New York, New York, and are covered by one lease which is for approximately 144,000 square feet of office space and expires in 2013.

The Company leases four additional locations in New York, New York for office space: 90,000 square feet under a lease, expiring in 2015, 25,400 square feet under a lease expiring in 2006, 35,500 square feet under a lease expiring in 2007 and 37,000 square feet under a lease expiring in 2014.

The Company also has 79,463 square feet of office space in Westbury, New York under a lease expiring in 2012.

The Company leases three locations in Austin, Texas and two locations in the United Kingdom for office and warehouse space for Calendar Club: 202,598, 124,200, 57,013, 40,016 and 22,363 square feet under leases expiring in 2014, 2012, 2006, 2007 and 2006, respectively.

The Company also has 15,000 square feet of office space in Asheville, North Carolina for Sterling Publishing under a lease expiring in 2007.

The Company also has 29,958 square feet of office space in Secaucus, New Jersey under a lease expiring in 2009.

ITEM 3. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS

There have been no material developments with respect to previously reported legal proceedings, except as follows:

On March 14, 2003, a Company employee filed a class action lawsuit in the Superior Court of California, Orange County against the Company. The complaint alleges that the Company improperly classified the assistant store managers, department managers and receiving managers working in its California stores as salaried exempt employees. The complaint alleges that these employees spent more than 50% of their time performing non-exempt work and should have been classified as non-exempt employees. The complaint alleges violations of the California Labor Code and California Business and Professions Code and sought relief, including overtime compensation, prejudgment interest, penalties, attorneys’ fees and costs. On November 18, 2004, an amended complaint was filed alleging that the Company improperly classified the music managers and café managers working in its California stores as salaried exempt employees. The parties reached agreement on a settlement that provides for a maximum payment

 

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of $10,000,000 to the class, including attorneys’ fees, costs and class representative enhancement an amount which is not different from that accrued by the Company. On March 21, 2006, the court entered final judgment on the settlement, and the case was dismissed with prejudice. The Company anticipates that the settlement funds will be disbursed in June 2006.

The class action lawsuit In Re Initial Public Offering Securities Litigation filed in the U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York in April 2002 (the Action) named over one thousand individuals and 300 corporations, including Fatbrain.com, LLC (Fatbrain) (a subsidiary of bn.com) and its former officers and directors. The amended complaints in the Action all allege that the initial public offering registration statements filed by the defendant issuers with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including the one filed by Fatbrain, were false and misleading because they failed to disclose that the defendant underwriters were receiving excess compensation in the form of profit sharing with certain of its customers and that some of those customers agreed to buy additional shares of the defendant issuers’ common stock in the after market at increasing prices. The amended complaints also allege that the foregoing constitute violations of: (i) Section 11 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the 1933 Act) by the defendant issuers, the directors and officers signing the related registration statements, and the related underwriters; (ii) Rule 10b-5 promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the 1934 Act) by the same parties; and (iii) the control person provisions of the 1933 and 1934 Acts by certain directors and officers of the defendant issuers. A motion to dismiss by the defendant issuers, including Fatbrain, was denied. After extensive negotiations among representatives of plaintiffs and defendants, a memorandum of understanding (MOU), outlining a proposed settlement resolving the claims in the Action between plaintiffs and the defendants issuers, has been entered into. Subsequently a settlement agreement was executed between the defendants and plaintiffs in the action, the terms of which are consistent with the MOU. The Settlement Agreement was submitted to the Court for approval and on February 15, 2005, the judge granted preliminary approval of the settlement, subject to certain modifications. The proposed settlement is expected to be funded by the defendants’ insurance companies. A court conference was held on March 29, 2006. The purposes of the conference were to: (1) set an agenda for the settlement fairness hearing on April 24; (2) determine the timing and scope of any submissions planned by the parties before and/or after the fairness hearing; and (3) give the parties an opportunity to raise any other issues related to the fairness hearing.

Barnes & Noble.com receives communications from time to time from various states regarding the applicability of state sales tax to sales made by Barnes & Noble.com to customers in their respective states. While management believes that the accompanying financial statements reflect the best current estimate of any potential liability in this area, there can be no assurance that the outcome of any discussions between Barnes & Noble.com and any state taxing authority will not result in the payment by Barnes & Noble.com of state taxes for prior periods, or that the amount of any such payments will not be materially in excess of any liability currently recorded.

In addition to the above actions, various claims and lawsuits arising in the normal course of business are pending against the Company. The subject matter of these other proceedings primarily includes commercial disputes, personal injury claims and employment issues. The results of these other proceedings are not expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial position or results of operations.

 

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ITEM 4. SUBMISSION OF MATTERS TO A VOTE OF SECURITY HOLDERS

There were no matters submitted to a vote of security holders during the 13 weeks ended January 28, 2006.

PART II

ITEM 5. MARKET FOR REGISTRANT’S COMMON EQUITY AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

Price Range of Common Stock

The Company’s common stock is traded on the New York Stock Exchange (NYSE) under the symbol “BKS”. The following table sets forth, for the quarterly periods indicated, the high and low sales prices of the common stock on the NYSE Composite Tape.

 

     Fiscal 2005    Fiscal 2004
     High    Low    High    Low

First Quarter

   $ 36.00    31.25    25.62    20.90

Second Quarter

     42.49    34.10    25.74    19.64

Third Quarter

     42.12    34.09    26.55    22.10

Fourth Quarter

     44.75    35.30    33.15    23.41

On November 12, 2004, the Company distributed to its stockholders in the form of a dividend 0.424876232 shares of GameStop Class B common stock on each outstanding share of Barnes & Noble common stock. The common stock prices presented above for periods before November 12, 2004 are restated stock prices and reflect the distribution of the Company’s ownership in GameStop to its stockholders. The market prices were restated by dividing by 1.415342890, the same adjustment made by Barnes & Noble to outstanding Barnes & Noble stock options to maintain the same aggregate intrinsic value of the stock options as before the spin-off.

Approximate Number of Holders of Common Equity

 

Title of Class

  

Approximate

Number of

Record Holders as of

March 31, 2006

Common stock, $0.001 par value

   2,121

Dividends

On August 18, 2005, the Company announced it had authorized the initiation of a quarterly cash dividend of $0.15 per share. Quarterly cash dividends of $0.15 per share were

 

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paid on September 30, 2005 to stockholders of record at the close of business on September 9, 2005, on December 30, 2005 to stockholders of record at the close of business on December 9, 2005 and on March 31, 2006 to stockholders of record at the close of business on March 10, 2006. During fiscal 2004, the Company did not declare or pay any cash dividends or make distributions or payments on its common stock.

The following table provides information with respect to purchases by the Company of shares of its common stock during the fourth quarter of 2005:

 

Period

   Total
Number of
Shares
Purchased
   Average
Price Paid per
Share
   Total Number
of Shares
Purchased as
Part of
Publicly
Announced
Plans
   Maximum
Dollar Value of
Shares That
May Yet Be
Purchased
Under the Plans

October 30, 2005 – November 26, 2005

   375,000    $ 36.67    375,000    $ 171,231,000

November 27, 2005 – December 31, 2005

   —      $ —      —      $ 171,231,000

January 1, 2006 – January 28, 2006

   —      $ —      —      $ 171,231,000
                   

Total

   375,000    $ 36.67    375,000   
                   

During the 52 weeks ended January 29, 2000 (fiscal 1999), the Board of Directors authorized a common stock repurchase program for the purchase of up to $250.0 million of the Company’s common shares. The Company completed this $250.0 million repurchase program during the first quarter of fiscal 2005. On March 24, 2005, the Company’s Board of Directors authorized an additional share repurchase program of up to $200.0 million of the Company’s common shares. The Company completed this $200.0 million repurchase program during the third quarter of fiscal 2005. On September 15, 2005, the Company’s Board of Directors authorized a new share repurchase program of up to $200.0 million of the Company’s common shares. Share repurchases under this program may be made through open market and privately negotiated transactions from time to time and in such amounts as management deems appropriate. As of January 28, 2006, the Company has repurchased 7,682,700 shares at a cost of approximately $282.7 million under these programs in fiscal 2005, bringing the combined total of repurchases under these programs to 16,690,400 shares at a cost of approximately $479.0 million. The maximum dollar value of common shares that may yet be purchased under the current program is approximately $171.0 million as of January 28, 2006. During the first quarter of fiscal 2006 (through March 31, 2006), the Company repurchased 1,602,000 shares at a cost of $68.2 million. All repurchased shares are held in treasury.

 

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ITEM 6. SELECTED FINANCIAL DATA

The information included in the Company’s Annual Report to Shareholders for the fiscal year ended January 28, 2006 (the Annual Report) under the section entitled “Selected Financial Data” is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 7. MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

The information included in the Annual Report under the section entitled “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” is incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 7A. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK

The Company limits its interest rate risks by investing certain of its excess cash balances in short-term, highly-liquid instruments with an original maturity of one year or less. The Company does not expect any material losses from its invested cash balances and the Company believes that its interest rate exposure is modest. As of January 28, 2006, the Company’s cash and cash equivalents totaled approximately $372,586,000.

Additionally, the Company may from time to time borrow money under its revolving credit facility at various interest-rate options based on the prime rate or the Eurodollar rate depending upon certain financial tests. Accordingly, the Company may be exposed to interest rate risk on money that it borrows under its credit facility. The Company did not have any amounts outstanding under the facility at January 28, 2006 and January 29, 2005.

The Company does not have any material foreign currency exposure as nearly all of its business is transacted in United States currency.

ITEM 8. FINANCIAL STATEMENTS AND SUPPLEMENTARY DATA

The information included in the Annual Report under the sections entitled: “Consolidated Statements of Operations,” “Consolidated Balance Sheets,” “Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity,” “Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows” and “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” are incorporated herein by reference.

ITEM 9. CHANGES IN AND DISAGREEMENTS WITH ACCOUNTANTS ON ACCOUNTING AND FINANCIAL DISCLOSURE

None.

 

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ITEM 9A. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES

(a) Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures

The management of the Company established and maintains disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that material information relating to the Company and its subsidiaries required to be disclosed in the reports that are filed or submitted under the 1934 Act are recorded, processed, summarized, and reported within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure. The Company carried out an evaluation, under the supervision and with the participation of management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, of the effectiveness of the design and operation of disclosure controls and procedures as of the end of the period covered by this report. Based on that evaluation, the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer concluded that the disclosure controls and procedures were effective as of the date of such evaluation.

(b) Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting

Management is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting. As defined in Exchange Act Rule 13a-15(f), internal control over financial reporting is a process designed by, or under the supervision of, the principal executive and principal financial officer and effected by the board of directors, management and other personnel, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles and includes those policies and procedures that: (i) pertain to the maintenance of records that in reasonable detail accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the Company; (ii) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the Company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the Company; and (iii) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use or disposition of the Company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Under the supervision and with the participation of management, including the Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, the Company carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of its internal control over financial reporting as of January 28, 2006 based on the “Internal Control - Integrated Framework” issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). Based upon this evaluation, management concluded that the Company’s internal control over financial reporting was effective as of January 28, 2006.

BDO Seidman, LLP, the independent registered certified public accounting firm that audited the Company’s financial statements included in this Annual Report on Form 10-K, has also audited management’s assessment of the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting and the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of January 28, 2006 as stated in their report incorporated herein as part of the Company’s Annual Report.

 

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(c) Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting

There have been no changes in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting during the most recent quarter ended January 28, 2006 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to affect, internal control over financial reporting.

ITEM 9B. OTHER INFORMATION

None.

PART III

ITEM 10. DIRECTORS AND EXECUTIVE OFFICERS OF THE REGISTRANT

The information with respect to directors and executive officers of the Company is incorporated herein by reference to the Company’s definitive Proxy Statement relating to the Company’s 2006 Annual Meeting of Shareholders to be filed with the SEC within 120 days of the Company’s fiscal year ended January 28, 2006 (the Proxy Statement).

The information with respect to compliance with Section 16(a) of the Securities Exchange Act is incorporated herein by reference to the Proxy Statement.

ITEM 11. EXECUTIVE COMPENSATION

The information with respect to executive compensation is incorporated herein by reference to the Proxy Statement.

The information with respect to compensation of directors is incorporated herein by reference to the Proxy Statement.

 

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ITEM 12. SECURITY OWNERSHIP OF CERTAIN BENEFICIAL OWNERS AND MANAGEMENT AND RELATED STOCKHOLDER MATTERS

Equity Compensation Plan Information

The following table sets forth equity compensation plan information as of January 28, 2006:

 

     

Number of

securities to be
issued upon exercise

of outstanding
options, warrants
and rights

   Weighted-average
exercise price of
outstanding options,
warrants and rights
   Number of securities
remaining available
for future issuance
under equity
compensation plans
(excluding securities
in column (a))

Plan Category

   (a)    (b)    (c)

Equity compensation plans approved by security holders

   9,769,000    $ 18.61    4,946,514

Equity compensation plans not approved by security holders

   —        —      —  
                

Total

   9,769,000    $ 18.61    4,946,514
                

The information with respect to security ownership of certain beneficial owners and management is incorporated herein by reference to the Proxy Statement.

ITEM 13. CERTAIN RELATIONSHIPS AND RELATED TRANSACTIONS

The information with respect to certain relationships and related transactions is incorporated herein by reference to the Proxy Statement.

ITEM 14. PRINCIPAL ACCOUNTANT FEES AND SERVICES

The information with respect to principal accountant fees and services is incorporated herein by reference to the Proxy Statement.

 

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PART IV

ITEM 15. EXHIBITS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENT SCHEDULE

(a) 1. Consolidated Financial Statements:

 

  (i) “The Report of Independent Registered Public Accountants” included in the Annual Report is incorporated herein by reference.

 

  (ii) The information included in the Annual Report under the sections entitled: “Consolidated Statements of Operations,” “Consolidated Balance Sheets,” “Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity,” “Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows” and “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” are incorporated herein by reference.

      2. Schedule:

Valuation and Qualifying Accounts.

For the 52-week period ended January 28, 2006, January 29, 2005 and January 31, 2004 (in thousands):

 

     Balance at
beginning of
period
   Charged to
costs and
expenses
   Businesses
acquired
   Charged
to other
accounts
    Write-offs    

Balance at
end of

period

Allowance for Doubtful Accounts

               

January 28, 2006

   $ 2,820    $ 403    $ —      $ 62     $ (403 )   $ 2,882

January 29, 2005

   $ 5,343    $ 244    $ —      $ (2,593 )   $ (174 )   $ 2,820

January 31, 2004

   $ 2,318    $ 1,145    $ 1,892    $ 187     $ (199 )   $ 5,343

 

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      3. Exhibits:

The following are filed as Exhibits to this form:

 

Exhibit No.  

Description

2.1   Agreement and Plan of Merger by and among the Company, B&N.com Holding Corp., B&N.com Acquisition Corp., and barnesandnoble.com inc., dated as of January 8, 2004. (1)
3.1   Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Company, as amended. (2)
3.2   Amendment to the Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Company filed May 30, 1996. (3)
3.3   Amended and Restated By-laws of the Company. (2)
3.4   Certificate of Designation of Preferences and Rights of Preferred Stock, Series H of the Company. (3)
3.5   Amendment of the Amended and Restated Certificate of Incorporation of the Company, dated July 17, 1998 and filed July 17, 1998. (3)
4.1   Specimen Common Stock certificate. (1)
4.2  

Rights Agreement, dated as of July 10, 1998, between the Company and The Bank of

New York, as Rights Agent. (3)

10.1   License Agreement for “Barnes & Noble” service mark, dated as of February 11, 1987. (1)
10.2   Consents to “Barnes & Noble” License Agreement Assignments, dated as of November 18, 1988 and November 16, 1992, respectively. (4)
10.3   Employment Agreement between the Company and Mitchell S. Klipper dated as of February 18, 2002. (5)
10.4   Employment Agreement between the Company and Stephen Riggio, dated as of February 18, 2002. (7)
10.5   Employment Agreement, dated as of March 9, 2005, between barnesandnoble.com llc and Marie Toulantis. (11)
10.6   Credit Agreement, dated as of June 17, 2005, among the Borrowers, Bank of America, N.A., JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. and the other lending institutions listed in the Agreement, Bank of America, N.A., as Administrative Agent, JPMorgan Chase Bank N.A., as Syndication Agent, and Citicorp USA, Inc., ING Capital LLC, Suntrust Bank and Wachovia Bank, National Association, as Documentation Agents. Banc of America Securities LLC and JPMorgan Securities Inc. acted as joint Lead Arrangers and Co-Book Managers under the Agreement. (14)

 

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Exhibit No.  

Description

10.7   Subsidiary Guaranty Agreement, dated as of June 17, 2005, made by Doubleday Book Shops, Inc., B&N.Com Holding Corp., CCI Holdings, Inc., B&N General Partner (Texas) Corp., B&N Limited Partner (Texas) Corp., barnesandnoble.com inc., Barnes & Noble Bookquest LLC, Marketing Services (Minnesota) Corp. and Barnes & Noble Services, Inc., as Guarantors, to Bank of America, N.A., as Administrative Agent for each of the Lenders. (14)
10.16   The Company’s Amended and Restated 1996 Incentive Plan, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 of Form S-8 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 14, 2002. (6)
10.17   The Company’s 2004 Executive Performance Plan. (9)
10.18   The Company’s 2004 Incentive Plan. (9)
10.19   The Company’s Deferred Compensation Plan. (8)
10.20   Form of Option Award Agreement of the Company. (13)
10.21   Form of Restricted Stock Award Agreement of the Company. (13)
10.22   Promissory Note, dated as of October 1, 2004, made by GameStop in favor of B&N GameStop Holding Corp. (10)
10.23   Stock Purchase Agreement, dated as of October 1, 2004, by and among the Company, B&N GameStop Holding Corp. and GameStop Corp. (10)
13.1   The sections of the Company’s Annual Report entitled: “Selected Financial Data”, “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations”, “Consolidated Statements of Operations”, “Consolidated Balance Sheets”, “Consolidated Statements of Changes in Shareholders’ Equity”, “Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows”, “Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements” and “The Report of Independent Registered Public Accounting Firm”. (15)
14.1   Code of Ethics for Senior Financial Officers. (8)
20.1   Information Statement and Questions and Answers document, dated November 5, 2004. (12)
21.1   List of Subsidiaries. (15)
23.1   Consent of BDO Seidman, LLP. (15)
23.2   Report of BDO Seidman, LLP. (15)
31.1   Certification by the Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a)/15(d)-14(a), under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. (15)
31.2   Certification by the Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a)/15(d)-14(a), under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934, as adopted pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. (15)
32.1   Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(b) under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 and 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. (15)
32.2   Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(b) under the Securities and Exchange Act of 1934 and 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002. (15)

(1) Previously filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Registration Statement on Form S-4 (Commission File No. 33-59778) and incorporated herein by reference.

 

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Table of Contents
(2) Previously filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended May 1, 2004.
(3) Previously filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended August 1, 1998.
(4) Previously filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 27, 1996.
(5) Previously filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended February 2, 2002.
(6) Previously filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended August 3, 2002.
(7) Previously filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended February 1, 2003.
(8) Previously filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 31, 2004.
(9) Previously filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Form 10-Q for the fiscal quarter ended May 1, 2004.
(10) Previously filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on October 5, 2004.
(11) Previously filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on March 15, 2005.
(12) Previously filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on November 5, 2004.
(13) Previously filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 29, 2005.
(14) Previously filed as an exhibit to the Company’s Form 8-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on June 20, 2005.
(15) Filed herewith.

 

28


Table of Contents

SIGNATURES

Pursuant to the requirements of Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized.

 

BARNES & NOBLE, INC.

(Registrant)

By:  

/s/ Stephen Riggio

  Stephen Riggio
  Chief Executive Officer
  April 5, 2006

Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the registrant and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.

 

Name

  

Title

 

Date

/s/ Leonard Riggio

   Chairman of the Board   April 5, 2006
Leonard Riggio     

/s/ Stephen Riggio

  

Vice Chairman and Chief Executive Officer

(principal executive officer)

  April 5, 2006
Stephen Riggio     

/s/ Joseph J. Lombardi

  

Chief Financial Officer

(principal financial and accounting officer)

  April 5, 2006
Joseph J. Lombardi     

/s/ Michael N. Rosen

   Secretary and Director   April 5, 2006
Michael N. Rosen     

/s/ Matthew A. Berdon

   Director   April 5, 2006
Matthew A. Berdon     

/s/ Michael J. Del Giudice

   Director   April 5, 2006
Michael J. Del Giudice     

/s/ William Dillard II

   Director   April 5, 2006
William Dillard II     

/s/ Irene R. Miller

   Director   April 5, 2006
Irene R. Miller     

/s/ Margaret T. Monaco

   Director   April 5, 2006
Margaret T. Monaco     

/s/ William F. Reilly

   Director   April 5, 2006
William F. Reilly     

/s/ William Sheluck, Jr.

   Director   April 5, 2006
William Sheluck, Jr.     

 

29

The sections of the Company's Annual Report

Exhibit 13.1

SELECTED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL DATA

The selected consolidated financial data of Barnes & Noble, Inc. and its subsidiaries (collectively, the Company) set forth on the following pages should be read in conjunction with the consolidated financial statements and notes included elsewhere in this report. The Company’s fiscal year is comprised of 52 or 53 weeks, ending on the Saturday closest to the last day of January. The Statement of Operations Data for the 52 weeks ended January 28, 2006 (fiscal 2005), 52 weeks ended January 29, 2005 (fiscal 2004) and 52 weeks ended January 31, 2004 (fiscal 2003) and the Balance Sheet Data as of January 28, 2006 and January 29, 2005 are derived from, and are qualified by reference to, audited consolidated financial statements which are included elsewhere in this report. The Statement of Operations Data for the 52 weeks ended February 1, 2003 (fiscal 2002) and 52 weeks ended February 2, 2002 (fiscal 2001) and the Balance Sheet Data as of January 31, 2004, February 1, 2003 and February 2, 2002 are derived from audited consolidated financial statements not included in this report.

 

Fiscal Year

   2005     2004     2003 (1)     2002     2001  
(In thousands, except per share data)                               

STATEMENT OF OPERATIONS DATA:

          

Sales

          

Barnes & Noble stores

   $ 4,356,611     4,121,398     3,860,347     3,574,909     3,359,464  

B. Dalton stores

     141,584     176,490     221,020     260,024     310,303  

Barnes & Noble.com(1)

     439,657     419,821     151,229     —       —    

Other(2)

     165,152     155,886     139,581     81,611     79,225  
                                

Total sales

     5,103,004     4,873,595     4,372,177     3,916,544     3,748,992  

Cost of sales and occupancy

     3,533,009     3,386,619     3,060,462     2,731,588     2,611,674  
                                

Gross profit

     1,569,995     1,486,976     1,311,715     1,184,956     1,137,318  

Selling and administrative expenses

     1,134,276     1,052,345     910,448     816,597     773,514  

Depreciation and amortization

     172,957     181,553     166,825     154,844     142,040  

Pre-opening expenses

     10,938     8,862     8,668     11,933     10,355  

Investment impairment charge(3)

     —       —       —       25,328     —    
                                

Operating profit

     251,824     244,216     225,774     176,254     211,409  

Interest expense, net and amortization of deferred financing fees(4)

     (1,415 )   (11,028 )   (20,944 )   (22,136 )   (16,882 )

Debt redemption charge(5)

     —       (14,582 )   —       —       —    

Equity in net loss of Barnes & Noble.com(1)

     —       —       (14,311 )   (26,795 )   (88,378 )

Other expense(6)

     —       —       —       (16,498 )   (11,730 )
                                

Earnings before taxes and minority interest

     250,409     218,606     190,519     110,825     94,419  

Income taxes

     102,042     94,001     78,779     44,609     39,184  
                                

Earnings before minority interest

     148,367     124,605     111,740     66,216     55,235  

Minority interest (7)

     (1,686 )   (1,230 )   (536 )   —       —    
                                

Earnings from continuing operations

     146,681     123,375     111,204     66,216     55,235  

Earnings from discontinued operations (net of income tax)

     —       20,001     40,571     33,262     8,562  
                                

Net earnings

   $ 146,681     143,376     151,775     99,478     63,797  
                                

Basic earnings per common share

          

Earnings from continuing operations

   $ 2.17     1.79     1.69     1.00     0.83  

Earnings from discontinued operations

     —       0.29     0.61     0.50     0.13  
                                

Net earnings

   $ 2.17     2.08     2.30     1.50     0.96  
                                

Diluted earnings per common share

          

Earnings from continuing operations

   $ 2.03     1.68     1.57     0.99     0.82  

Earnings from discontinued operations

     —       0.25     0.50     0.40     0.11  
                                

Net earnings

   $ 2.03     1.93     2.07     1.39     0.93  
                                

Dividends paid per share

   $ 0.30     —       —       —       —    
                                

Weighted average common shares outstanding

          

Basic

     67,560     69,018     65,989     66,362     66,393  

Diluted

     72,150     75,696     77,105     77,680     77,839  

OTHER OPERATING DATA:

          

Number of stores

          

Barnes & Noble stores

     681     666     647     628     591  

B. Dalton stores

     118     154     195     258     305  
                                

Total

     799     820     842     886     896  
                                

Comparable store sales increase (decrease)(8)

          

Barnes & Noble stores

     2.9 %   3.1 %   3.2 %   0.0 %   2.7 %

B. Dalton stores

     0.9     (2.2 )   (2.0 )   (6.4 )   (3.7 )

Capital expenditures

   $ 187,167     184,885     130,103     184,559     187,300  

BALANCE SHEET DATA:

          

Total assets

   $ 3,164,132     3,318,389     3,812,036     3,266,303     2,872,392  

Long-term debt

   $ —       245,000     300,000     300,000     449,000  

(1) Fiscal 2003 includes the results of operations of barnesandnoble.com llc (Barnes & Noble.com) from September 15, 2003, the date the Company acquired a controlling interest in Barnes & Noble.com. Prior to the acquisition date, the Company accounted for the results of Barnes & Noble.com under the equity method of accounting. See Note 4 to the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.
(2) Includes primarily Calendar Club L.L.C. (Calendar Club) (for all periods presented) and third-party sales of Sterling Publishing Co., Inc. (from its acquisition in January 2003).
(3) In fiscal 2002, the Company recorded a non-cash charge to operating earnings to write down its investments in Gemstar-TV Guide International, Inc. and Indigo Books & Music Inc. to their fair market value.
(4) Interest expense for fiscal 2005, 2004, 2003, 2002 and 2001 is net of interest income of $7,013, $3,461, $726, $1,501 and $1,196, respectively.
(5) One-time charge associated with the redemption of the Company’s convertible subordinated notes in fiscal 2004.
(6) In fiscal 2002, the Company determined that a decrease in value in certain of its equity investments occurred which was other than temporary. As a result, other expense of $16,498 in fiscal 2002 includes the recognition of losses of $11,485 in excess of what would otherwise have been recognized by application of the equity method in accordance with Accounting Principles Board Opinion No. 18, “The Equity Method of Accounting for Investments in Common Stock”. The $16,498 loss in other expense was primarily comprised of $8,489 attributable to iUniverse.com, $5,081 attributable to BOOK® magazine and $2,351 attributable to enews, inc. Included in other expense in fiscal 2001 is a loss of $12,066 from the Company’s equity investments.
(7) Minority interest represents the approximate 26% outside interest in Calendar Club.
(8) Comparable store sales increase (decrease) is calculated on a 52-week basis, and includes sales of stores that have been open for 15 months.

 

F-1


MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND RESULTS OF OPERATIONS

Barnes & Noble, Inc.’s (Barnes & Noble or the Company) fiscal year is comprised of 52 or 53 weeks, ending on the Saturday closest to the last day of January. As used in this section, “fiscal 2006” represents the 53 weeks ending February 3, 2007, “fiscal 2005” represents the 52 weeks ended January 28, 2006, “fiscal 2004” represents the 52 weeks ended January 29, 2005 and “fiscal 2003” represents the 52 weeks ended January 31, 2004.

General

The Company is the nation’s largest bookseller1, and as of January 28, 2006 operated 799 bookstores and a Web site. Of the 799 bookstores, 681 operate primarily under the Barnes & Noble Booksellers trade name (27 of which were opened in fiscal 2005) and 118 operate primarily under the B. Dalton Bookseller trade name. Barnes & Noble conducts the online part of its business through barnesandnoble.com llc (Barnes & Noble.com), one of the largest sellers of books on the Internet. Through Sterling Publishing Co., Inc. (Sterling), the Company is a leading general trade book publisher. Additionally, the Company owns an approximate 74% interest in Calendar Club L.L.C. (Calendar Club), an operator of seasonal kiosks. The Company employed approximately 39,000 full- and part-time employees as of January 28, 2006.

Barnes & Noble stores are located in all 50 states and the District of Columbia as of January 28, 2006. With 40 years of bookselling experience, management has a strong sense of customers’ changing needs and the Company leads book retailing with a “community store” concept. Barnes & Noble’s typical store offers a comprehensive title base, a café, a children’s section, a music department, a magazine section and a calendar of ongoing events, including author appearances and children’s activities, that make each Barnes & Noble store an active part of its community.

Barnes & Noble stores range in size from 10,000 to 60,000 square feet depending upon market size with an overall average store size of 25,000 square feet. Each store features an authoritative selection of books, ranging from 60,000 to 200,000 unique titles. The comprehensive title selection is diverse and tailored to each store location to reflect local interests. In addition, Barnes & Noble emphasizes books published by small and independent publishers and university presses. Bestsellers (the “top ten” highest selling hardcover fiction, hardcover non-fiction and trade paperback titles) typically represent between 3% and 5% of Barnes & Noble store sales. Complementing this extensive in-store selection, all Barnes & Noble stores provide customers with on-site access to the millions of books available to online shoppers while offering an option to have the book sent to the store or shipped directly to the customer through Barnes & Noble.com’s delivery system. All Barnes & Noble stores are equipped with its proprietary BookMaster in-store operating system, which enhances the Company’s merchandise-replenishment system, resulting in high in-stock positions and productivity at the store level through efficiencies in receiving, cashiering and returns processing. The Company has integrated the BookMaster system used in its stores with Barnes & Noble.com so that its customers share the same experience across both channels.

During fiscal 2005, the Company added 0.5 million square feet to the Barnes & Noble store base, bringing the total square footage to 16.9 million square feet, a 3% increase over the prior year. Barnes & Noble stores contributed approximately 85% of the Company’s total sales in fiscal 2005. The Company plans to open between 30 and 40 Barnes & Noble stores in fiscal 2006, which are expected to average 28,000 square feet in size.

 


1 Based upon sales reported in trade publications and public filings.

 

F-2


At the end of fiscal 2005, the Company operated 118 B. Dalton bookstores in 37 states and the District of Columbia. B. Dalton bookstores employ merchandising strategies that target the mainstream consumer book market, offering a wide range of bestsellers and general-interest titles. Most B. Dalton bookstores range in size from 2,000 to 6,000 square feet, and while they are appropriate to the size of adjacent mall tenants, the opening of book superstores in nearby locations continues to have a significant adverse impact on B. Dalton bookstores.

The Company is continuing its controlled descent in the number of its smaller format B. Dalton bookstores in response to declining sales attributable primarily to book superstore competition. Part of the Company’s strategy has been to close underperforming stores, which has resulted in the closing of 849 B. Dalton bookstores since 1989.

On September 15, 2003, the Company completed its acquisition of all of Bertelsmann AG’s (Bertelsmann) interest in barnesandnoble.com inc. (bn.com) and Barnes & Noble.com. As a result of the acquisition, the Company increased its economic interest in Barnes & Noble.com from approximately 38% to approximately 75%. On May 27, 2004, the Company completed a merger (the Merger) of bn.com with a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company. The Merger was approved by the shareholders of bn.com at a special meeting held on May 27, 2004. As a result of the Merger, bn.com became a privately held company, wholly owned by the Company.

Barnes & Noble.com sells books, music and movies, and, to a lesser extent, used books, gifts, educational games, toys and video games. With access to one of the industry’s largest in-stock inventories of new books, Barnes & Noble.com can offer fast delivery throughout the U.S. Barnes & Noble.com’s unique service, “Fast&Free Delivery,” enables customers in the continental U.S. to receive their deliveries within three business days, with no delivery charge on purchases of $25 and over. Visited by millions of users each month, Barnes & Noble.com has shipped products to customers in 230 countries since its inception in 1997. Barnes & Noble.com provides exclusive content features such as “Meet the Writers,” “What America’s Reading,” audio and video author interviews, and online reading groups, as well as third-party reviews, first chapters and table of contents, and thousands of music clips and video trailers.

In the fourth quarter 2005 American Customer Satisfaction Index compiled by the University of Michigan, Barnes & Noble.com received the highest rating in the e-commerce category for the second year in a row. This annual survey is recognized as the industry’s leading indicator of customer satisfaction. According to the comScore MediaMetrix December 2005 report, Barnes & Noble.com’s site was the twenty-first most-trafficked shopping destination, as measured by the number of unique visitors.

The Company’s subsidiary Sterling is a leading general trade book publisher. Sterling’s active title list comprises over 5,000 titles, and it publishes several hundred new titles each year. Sterling’s publication list is particularly extensive in “books for enthusiasts,” categories that include, mind enhancement, puzzles and games, crafts, home repair and remodeling, woodworking, photography, and wines and spirits. Sterling’s list comprises books that it originates itself, purchases from domestic and international book packagers and those that it distributes for other publishers.

In fiscal 2004, the Company’s Board of Directors approved an overall plan for the complete disposition of all of its Class B common stock in GameStop Corp. (GameStop), the Company’s former video

 

F-3


game operating segment. This disposition was completed in two steps. The first step was the sale of 6,107,338 shares of GameStop Class B common stock held by the Company to GameStop (Stock Sale) for an aggregate consideration of $111.5 million. The Stock Sale was completed on October 1, 2004. The second step in the disposition was the spin-off by the Company of its remaining 29,901,662 shares of GameStop’s Class B common stock (Spin-Off). The Spin-Off was completed on November 12, 2004 with the distribution of 0.424876232 of a share of GameStop Class B common stock as a tax-free distribution on each outstanding share of the Company’s common stock to the Company’s stockholders of record as of the close of business on November 2, 2004. As a result of the Stock Sale and the Spin-Off, GameStop is no longer a subsidiary of the Company. The disposition of all of the Company’s stockholdings in GameStop resulted in the Company presenting all historical results of operations of GameStop as discontinued operations.

Results of Operations

 

Fiscal Year

   2005     2004     2003  

Sales (in thousands)

   $ 5,103,004     4,873,595     4,372,177  

Earnings from Continuing Operations (in thousands)

   $ 146,681     123,375     111,204  

Diluted Earnings Per Share from Continuing Operations

   $ 2.03     1.68     1.57  

Comparable Store Sales Increase (Decrease) (a)

      

Barnes & Noble stores

     2.9 %   3.1 %   3.2 %

B. Dalton stores

     0.9     (2.2 )   (2.0 )

Stores Opened

      

Barnes & Noble stores

     27     32     31  

B. Dalton stores

     —       —       —    
                    

Total

     27     32     31  
                    

Stores Closed

      

Barnes & Noble stores

     12     13     12  

B. Dalton stores

     36     41     63  
                    

Total

     48     54     75  
                    

Number of Stores Open at Year End

      

Barnes & Noble stores

     681     666     647  

B. Dalton stores

     118     154     195  
                    

Total

     799     820     842  
                    

Square Feet of Selling Space at Year End (in millions)

      

Barnes & Noble stores

     16.9     16.4     15.8  

B. Dalton stores

     0.5     0.6     0.8  
                    

Total

     17.4     17.0     16.6  
                    

(a) Comparable store sales are determined using stores open at least 15 months.

 

F-4


The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, the percentage relationship that certain items bear to total sales of the Company:

 

Fiscal Year

   2005     2004     2003  

Sales

   100.0 %   100.0 %   100.0 %

Cost of sales and occupancy

   69.2     69.5     70.0  
                  

Gross margin

   30.8     30.5     30.0  

Selling and administrative expenses

   22.2     21.6     20.8  

Depreciation and amortization

   3.4     3.7     3.8  

Pre-opening expenses

   0.2     0.2     0.2  
                  

Operating margin

   4.9     5.0     5.2  

Interest expense, net and amortization of deferred financing fees

   —       (0.2 )   (0.5 )

Debt redemption charge

   —       (0.3 )   —    

Equity in net loss of Barnes & Noble.com

   —       —       (0.3 )
                  

Earnings before income taxes and minority interest

   4.9     4.5     4.4  

Income taxes

   2.0     1.9     1.8  
                  

Income before minority interest

   2.9     2.6     2.6  

Minority interest

   —       (0.1 )   0.1  
                  

Income from continuing operations

   2.9 %   2.5 %   2.5 %
                  

 

F-5


52 Weeks Ended January 28, 2006 Compared with 52 Weeks Ended January 29, 2005

Sales

The Company’s sales increased $229.4 million, or 4.7%, during fiscal 2005 to $5.103 billion from $4.874 billion during fiscal 2004. This increase was attributable to a $235.2 million increase in sales at Barnes & Noble stores and a $19.8 million increase in sales at Barnes & Noble.com, offset by a $34.9 million decrease in sales at B. Dalton stores.

Barnes & Noble store sales increased $235.2 million, or 5.7%, during fiscal 2005 to $4.357 billion from $4.121 billion during fiscal 2004 and accounted for 85.4% of total Company sales. The 5.7% increase in Barnes & Noble store sales was attributable to an increase in comparable store sales of 2.9%, coupled with the opening of 27 new stores during fiscal 2005, which contributed to a 3.0% increase in square footage.

In fiscal 2005, B. Dalton sales declined 19.8% and represented 2.8% of total Company sales. The decrease was primarily a result of 36 store closings and a 27.7% reduction in square footage, offset by an increase in comparable store sales of 0.9% in fiscal 2005.

In fiscal 2005, the Company opened 27 Barnes & Noble stores and closed 12, bringing its total number of Barnes & Noble stores to 681 with 16.9 million square feet. The Company closed 36 B. Dalton stores, ending the period with 118 B. Dalton stores and 0.5 million square feet. As of January 28, 2006, the Company operated 799 stores in the fifty states and the District of Columbia.

Cost of Sales and Occupancy

The Company’s cost of sales and occupancy includes costs such as merchandise costs, distribution center costs (including payroll, supplies, depreciation, and other operating expenses), rental expense, common area maintenance, merchant association dues and lease-required advertising, partially offset by landlord tenant allowances, amortized over the life of the lease.

Cost of sales and occupancy increased $146.4 million, or 4.3%, to $3.533 billion in fiscal 2005 from $3.387 billion in fiscal 2004. As a percentage of sales, cost of sales and occupancy decreased to 69.2% in fiscal 2005 from 69.5% in fiscal 2004. This decrease was due to less purchases from book wholesalers at higher costs than direct purchases from publishers, higher purchases through the Company’s distribution network, reduced sales of lower margin music and increased sales volume leveraging fixed occupancy costs in the Barnes & Noble stores, offset by the deep discounted selling price on J. K. Rowling’s Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince book.

Selling and Administrative Expenses

Selling and administrative expenses increased $81.9 million, or 7.8%, to $1.134 billion in fiscal 2005 from $1.052 billion in fiscal 2004. As a percentage of sales, selling and administrative expenses increased to 22.2% in fiscal 2005 from 21.6% in fiscal 2004. This increase was primarily due to a $12.7 million charge related to the impairment of certain store assets, charges associated with litigation of approximately $6.9 million and $3.6 million related to stock compensation costs associated with the issuance of restricted stock.

 

F-6


Depreciation and Amortization

Depreciation and amortization decreased $8.6 million, or 4.7%, to $173.0 million in fiscal 2005 from $181.6 million in fiscal 2004. This decrease was primarily due to lower amortization of the Barnes & Noble.com customer lists and relationships, and certain Barnes & Noble store assets becoming fully depreciated.

Pre-Opening Expenses

Pre-opening expenses increased $2.1 million, or 23.4%, in fiscal 2005 to $10.9 million from $8.9 million in fiscal 2004. The increase in pre-opening expenses was primarily due to the timing of new Barnes & Noble stores opened during fiscal 2005 and those to be opened during the beginning of fiscal 2006.

Operating Profit

The Company’s consolidated operating profit increased $7.6 million, or 3.1%, to $251.8 million in fiscal 2005 from $244.2 million in fiscal 2004. This increase was primarily due to the matters discussed above.

Interest Expense, Net and Amortization of Deferred Financing Fees

Interest expense, net of interest income, and amortization of deferred financing fees, decreased $9.6 million, or 87.2%, to $1.4 million in fiscal 2005 from $11.0 million in fiscal 2004. The decrease was primarily due to reduced average borrowings, the repayment of the Company’s prior outstanding $245 million term loan and interest income increasing $3.5 million, or 100.0%, to $7.0 million in fiscal 2005 from $3.5 million in fiscal 2004.

Debt Redemption Charge

The Company completed the redemption of its $300.0 million outstanding 5.25% convertible subordinated notes due 2009 in the second quarter of fiscal 2004. The write-off of the unamortized portion of the deferred financing fees from the issuance of the notes and the redemption premium resulted in a charge of $14.6 million. The debt redemption charge of $14.6 million in fiscal 2004 was comprised of an $8.5 million redemption premium and the write-off of $6.1 million of unamortized deferred financing fees from the issuance of the notes.

Income Taxes

Barnes & Noble’s effective tax rate in fiscal 2005 decreased to 40.75% compared with 43.00% during fiscal 2004. The decrease in the effective tax rate was primarily due to adjustments in fiscal 2004 related to prior year taxes.

Minority Interest

Minority interest was $1.7 million in fiscal 2005 compared with $1.2 million in fiscal 2004, and relates to the approximate 26% outside interest in Calendar Club L.L.C. (Calendar Club).

 

F-7


Income From Discontinued Operations

On October 1, 2004, the Board of Directors of the Company approved an overall plan for the complete disposition of all of the Company’s Class B common stock in GameStop Corp., the Company’s former video game operating segment. The plan was completed in November 2004 with the distribution to the Company’s stockholders of the GameStop Class B common stock. As a result, GameStop is no longer a subsidiary of the Company and, accordingly, the Company is presenting all historical results of operations of GameStop as discontinued operations.

Earnings

As a result of the factors discussed above, the Company reported consolidated net earnings of $146.7 million (or $2.03 per share) during fiscal 2005 compared with net earnings of $143.4 million (or $1.93 per share) during fiscal 2004. Components of diluted earnings per share (EPS) are as follows:

 

Fiscal year

   2005    2004

EPS from continuing operations

   $ 2.03      1.68

EPS from discontinued operations

     —        0.25
             

Consolidated EPS

   $ 2.03    $ 1.93
             

52 Weeks Ended January 29, 2005 Compared with 52 Weeks Ended January 31, 2004

Sales

The Company’s sales increased $501.4 million, or 11.5%, during fiscal 2004 to $4.874 billion from $4.372 billion during fiscal 2003. The increase in sales was primarily attributable to a $261.1 million increase in sales at Barnes & Noble stores and the increase of $268.6 million in sales at Barnes & Noble.com. Barnes & Noble store sales increased $261.1 million, or 6.8%, during fiscal 2004 to $4.121 billion from $3.860 billion during fiscal 2003 and accounted for 84.6% of total Company sales. The 6.8% increase in Barnes & Noble store sales was attributable to an increase in comparable store sales of 3.1% coupled with the opening of 32 new stores during fiscal 2004, which contributed to a 3.7% increase in square footage. This increase was partially offset by declining sales of B. Dalton, due to 41 store closings and a comparable store sales decline of (2.2)% in fiscal 2004. Barnes & Noble.com sales increased $268.6 million primarily due to the full year consolidation of Barnes & Noble.com in fiscal 2004 compared with a partial year in fiscal 2003 resulting from the Company’s acquisition of a controlling interest in Barnes & Noble.com on September 15, 2003.

Cost of Sales and Occupancy

The Company’s cost of sales and occupancy includes costs such as merchandise costs, distribution center costs (including payroll, supplies, depreciation and other operating expenses), rental expense, common area maintenance, merchant association dues and lease-required advertising, partially offset by landlord tenant allowances amortized over the life of the lease.

Cost of sales and occupancy increased $326.2 million, or 10.7%, to $3.387 billion in fiscal 2004 from $3.060 billion in fiscal 2003, primarily due to the inclusion of Barnes & Noble.com’s cost of sales

 

F-8


and occupancy for the full period in fiscal 2004 compared with a partial period in fiscal 2003. As a percentage of sales, cost of sales and occupancy decreased to 69.5% in fiscal 2004 from 70.0% in fiscal 2003. This decrease was primarily attributable to the reduction in bestseller markdowns and leverage on fixed occupancy costs.

Selling and Administrative Expenses

Selling and administrative expenses increased $141.9 million, or 15.6%, to $1,052.3 million in fiscal 2004 from $910.4 million in fiscal 2003, partially due to the inclusion of Barnes & Noble.com’s selling and administrative expenses for the full period in fiscal 2004 compared with a partial period in fiscal 2003. As a percentage of sales, selling and administrative expenses increased to 21.6% in fiscal 2004 from 20.8% in fiscal 2003. This increase was partially due to the inclusion of Barnes & Noble.com’s selling and administrative expenses for the full period in fiscal 2004 compared with a partial period in fiscal 2003.

Depreciation and Amortization

Depreciation and amortization increased $14.7 million, or 8.8%, to $181.6 million in fiscal 2004 from $166.8 million in fiscal 2003. This increase was due to the inclusion of Barnes & Noble.com’s depreciation and amortization for the full period in fiscal 2004 compared with a partial period in fiscal 2003, offset by a reduction in depreciation and amortization in the Barnes & Noble stores.

Pre-Opening Expenses

Pre-opening expenses increased $0.2 million, or 2.2%, in fiscal 2004 to $8.9 million from $8.7 million in fiscal 2003. The slight increase in pre-opening expenses was primarily the result of opening 32 new Barnes & Noble stores during fiscal 2004, compared with 31 new Barnes & Noble stores during fiscal 2003.

Operating Profit

The Company’s consolidated operating profit increased $18.4 million, or 8.2%, to $244.2 million in fiscal 2004 from $225.8 million in fiscal 2003. Operating profit increased $45.6 million, or 19.6%, in fiscal 2004 excluding the operating losses of Barnes & Noble.com for the full period in fiscal 2004 compared with a partial period in fiscal 2003.

Interest Expense, Net and Amortization of Deferred Financing Fees

Interest expense, net of interest income, and amortization of deferred financing fees, decreased $9.9 million, or 47.4%, to $11.0 million in fiscal 2004 from $20.9 million in fiscal 2003. The decrease was primarily the result of the redemption of the Company’s $300.0 million 5.25% convertible subordinated notes, which resulted in a reduction of the Company’s average borrowings and interest rate.

Debt Redemption Charge

In the second quarter of fiscal 2004, the Company completed the redemption of its $300.0 million outstanding 5.25% convertible subordinated notes due 2009. Holders of the notes converted a total of $17.7 million principal amount of the notes into 545,821 shares of common stock of the Company, plus cash in lieu of fractional shares, at a price of $32.512 per share. The Company redeemed the balance of $282.3 million principal amount of the notes at an aggregate redemption price, together

 

F-9


with accrued interest and redemption premium, of $295.0 million. The write-off of the unamortized portion of the deferred financing fees from the issuance of the notes and the redemption premium resulted in a charge of $14.6 million.

Equity in Net Loss of Barnes & Noble.com

The Company accounted for its approximate 38% economic interest in Barnes & Noble.com under the equity method through September 15, 2003. Equity losses in Barnes & Noble.com were $14.3 million in fiscal 2003.

Income Taxes

Barnes & Noble’s effective tax rate in fiscal 2004 increased to 43.00% compared with 41.35% during fiscal 2003. The increase in the effective tax rate was primarily due to adjustments in fiscal 2004 related to prior year taxes.

Minority Interest

Minority interest was $1.2 million in fiscal 2004 compared with $0.5 million in fiscal 2003, and relates to the approximate 26% outside interest in Calendar Club L.L.C. (Calendar Club).

Income From Discontinued Operations

On October 1, 2004, the Board of Directors of the Company approved an overall plan for the complete disposition of all of its Class B common stock in GameStop, the Company’s former video game operating segment. This disposition was completed in two steps. The first step was the sale of 6,107,338 shares of GameStop Class B common stock held by the Company to GameStop (Stock Sale) for an aggregate consideration of $111.5 million, consisting of $37.5 million in cash and a promissory note in the principal amount of $74.0 million, bearing interest at a rate of 5.5% per annum, payable when principal installments are due. The Stock Sale was completed on October 1, 2004. The second step in the disposition was the spin-off by the Company of its remaining 29,901,662 shares of GameStop’s Class B common stock (Spin-Off). The Spin-Off was completed on November 12, 2004 with the distribution of 0.424876232 of a share of GameStop Class B common stock as a tax-free distribution on each outstanding share of the Company’s common stock to the Company’s stockholders of record as of the close of business on November 2, 2004. As a result of the Stock Sale and the Spin-Off, GameStop is no longer a subsidiary of the Company and, accordingly, the Company will present all historical results of operations of GameStop as discontinued operations.

 

F-10


Earnings

As a result of the factors discussed above, the Company reported consolidated net earnings of $143.4 million (or $1.93 per share) during fiscal 2004 compared with net earnings of $151.8 million (or $2.07 per share) during fiscal 2003. Components of diluted earnings per share (EPS) are as follows:

 

Fiscal Year

   2004    2003

EPS from continuing operations (a)

   $ 1.68    1.57

EPS from discontinued operations

     0.25    0.50
           

Consolidated EPS (a)

   $ 1.93    2.07
           

(a) Includes a one-time charge of $0.11 per share associated with the redemption of the convertible notes in fiscal 2004.

Seasonality

The Company’s business, like that of many retailers, is seasonal, with the major portion of sales and operating profit realized during the fourth quarter which includes the holiday selling season.

Liquidity and Capital Resources

Working capital requirements are generally at their highest in the Company’s fiscal quarter ending on or about January 31 due to the higher payments to vendors for holiday season merchandise purchases. In addition, the Company’s sales and merchandise inventory levels will fluctuate from quarter to quarter as a result of the number and timing of new store openings.

Cash and cash equivalents on hand, cash flows from operating activities, funds available under its senior credit facility and short-term vendor financing continue to provide the Company with liquidity and capital resources for store expansion, seasonal working capital requirements and capital investments.

Cash Flow

Cash flows provided from operating activities were $499.7 million, $532.4 million and $471.3 million during fiscal 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively. In fiscal 2005, the decrease in cash flows from operating results was primarily due to the timing of rent payments. In fiscal 2004 and 2003, the increase in cash flows from operating activities was primarily attributable to improved working capital management and an increase in net earnings.

The weighted-average age per square foot of the Company’s 681 Barnes & Noble stores was 7.7 years as of January 28, 2006 and is expected to increase to approximately 8.2 years by February 3, 2007. As the Barnes & Noble stores continue to mature, and as the number of new stores opened during the fiscal year decreases as a percentage of the existing store base, the increasing operating profits of Barnes & Noble stores are expected to generate a greater portion of the cash flows required for working capital, including new store inventories, capital expenditures and other initiatives.

Capital Structure

Strong cash flows from operations and a continued emphasis on working capital management strengthened the Company’s balance sheet in fiscal 2005.

 

F-11


On June 17, 2005, the Company, together with certain of its subsidiaries, entered into a Credit Agreement (the New Facility) with a syndicate led by Bank of America, N.A. and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. The New Facility replaces the Amended and Restated Credit and Term Loan Agreement, dated as of August 10, 2004 (the Prior Facility), which consisted of a revolving credit facility and a term loan. The revolving credit facility portion was due to expire in May 2006 and the term loan had a maturity date of August 10, 2009. The Prior Facility was terminated on June 17, 2005, at which time the prior outstanding term loan of $245.0 million was repaid. Letters of credit issued under the Prior Facility, which totaled approximately $30.0 million as of June 17, 2005, were transferred to become letters of credit under the New Facility.

The New Facility provides for a maximum aggregate borrowing amount of $850.0 million (which under certain circumstances may be increased to $1.0 billion at the option of the Company) and terminates on June 16, 2010. The maximum aggregate borrowing amount may be reduced from time to time according to the terms of the New Facility. Borrowings made pursuant to the New Facility may be committed loans or swing line loans, the combined sum (including any outstanding letters of credit) of which may not exceed the maximum borrowing amount.

Borrowings made pursuant to the New Facility as committed loans will bear interest, payable quarterly or, if earlier, at the end of any interest period, at either (a) the base rate, described in the New Facility as the higher of Bank of America N.A.’s prime rate (7.25% as of January 28, 2006) or the federal funds rate (4.38% as of January 28, 2006) plus 0.50%, or (b) the Eurodollar rate (a publicly published rate which was 4.57% as of January 28, 2006) plus a percentage spread (ranging from 0.750% to 1.375%) based on the Company’s consolidated fixed charge coverage ratio. Swing line loans bear interest at the base rate. Under the New Facility, the Company agrees to pay a commitment facility fee, payable quarterly, at rates that range from 0.150% to 0.300% depending on the Company’s consolidated fixed charge coverage ratio. The payments under the New Facility are guaranteed by material subsidiaries of the Company.

The New Facility contains customary affirmative and negative covenants for credit facilities of this type, including limitations on the Company and its subsidiaries with respect to indebtedness, liens, investments, distributions, mergers and acquisitions, disposition of assets, sale-leaseback transactions, and transactions with affiliates. The New Facility permits the Company to use proceeds of the credit loans and letters of credit for working capital and capital expenditures and for all other lawful corporate purposes, including payment of dividends, acquisitions of assets, capital stock of other companies and share repurchases, in each case to the extent permitted in the New Facility. The New Facility also contains financial covenants that require the Company to maintain a minimum consolidated fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.75 and a maximum consolidated funded debt to earnings ratio of 2.00.

The New Facility provides for customary events of default with corresponding grace periods, including failure to pay any principal or interest when due, failure to comply with covenants, any material representation or warranty made by the Company proving to be false in any material respect, certain bankruptcy, insolvency or receivership events affecting the Company or its subsidiaries, defaults relating to certain other indebtedness, imposition of certain judgments and a change in control of the Company (as defined in the New Facility).

On June 28, 2004, the Company completed the redemption of its $300.0 million outstanding 5.25% convertible subordinated notes due 2009. Holders of the notes converted a total of $17.7 million principal amount of the notes into 545,821 shares of common stock of the Company, plus cash in lieu of fractional shares, at a price of $32.512 per share. The Company redeemed the balance of $282.3 million

 

F-12


principal amount of the notes at an aggregate redemption price, together with accrued interest and redemption premium, of $295.0 million. The write-off of the unamortized portion of the deferred financing fees from the issuance of the notes and the redemption premium resulted in a charge of $14.6 million.

Selected information related to the Company’s term loan, convertible subordinated notes and the New and Prior Facilities:

 

Fiscal Year

   2005     2004     2003  

Revolving credit facility

   $ —       —       —    

Term loan

     —       245,000     —    

Convertible subordinated notes

     —       —       300,000  
                    

Balance at end of year

   $ —       245,000     300,000  
                    

Average balance outstanding during the year

   $ 121,915     276,043     342,469  

Maximum borrowings outstanding during the year

   $ 245,000     392,700     474,150  

Weighted average interest rate during the year

     6.91 %   5.25 %   6.33 %

Interest rate at end of year

     —       3.78 %   5.25 %

Fees expensed with respect to the unused portion of the New and Prior Facilities were $1.3 million, $1.0 million and $1.2 million, during fiscal 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively.

The amounts outstanding under the New and Prior Facilities, if any, have been classified as long-term debt based on the Company’s ability to continually maintain principal amounts outstanding.

The Company has no agreements to maintain compensating balances.

Capital Investment

Capital expenditures totaled $187.2 million, $184.9 million and $130.1 million during fiscal 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively. Capital expenditures in fiscal 2006, primarily for the opening of 30 to 40 new Barnes & Noble stores, the maintenance of existing stores and system enhancements for the retail stores and the Web site, are projected to be in the range of $190.0 million to $200.0 million, although commitment to many of such expenditures has not yet been made.

Based on current operating levels and the store expansion planned for the next fiscal year, management believes cash and cash equivalents on hand, cash flows generated from operating activities, short-term vendor financing and borrowing capacity under the New Credit Facility will be sufficient to meet the Company’s working capital and debt service requirements, and support the development of its short- and long-term strategies for at least the next 12 months.

In fiscal 1999, the Board of Directors of the Company authorized a common stock repurchase program for the purchase of up to $250.0 million of the Company’s common stock. The Company completed this $250.0 million repurchase program during the first quarter of fiscal 2005. On March 24, 2005, the Company’s Board of Directors authorized an additional share repurchase program of up to $200.0 million of the Company’s common stock. The Company completed this $200.0 million repurchase program during the third quarter of fiscal 2005. On September 15, 2005, the Company’s Board of Directors authorized a new share repurchase program of up to $200.0 million of the Company’s common stock.

 

F-13


Share repurchases under this program may be made through open market and privately negotiated transactions from time to time and in such amounts as management deems appropriate. As of January 28, 2006, the Company repurchased 7,682,700 shares at a cost of approximately $282.7 million under these programs in fiscal 2005, bringing the combined total of repurchases under these programs to 16,690,400 shares at a cost of approximately $479.0 million under these programs. The maximum dollar value of common shares that may yet be purchased under the current program is approximately $171.0 million as of January 28, 2006. During the first quarter of fiscal 2006 (through March 31, 2006), the Company repurchased 1,602,000 shares at a cost of $68.2 million. All repurchased shares are held in treasury.

On September 15, 2003, the Company completed its acquisition of all of Bertelsmann AG’s (Bertelsmann) interest in barnesandnoble.com inc. (bn.com) and barnesandnoble.com llc (Barnes & Noble.com). The purchase price paid by the Company was $165.4 million (including acquisition related costs) in a combination of cash and a note, equivalent to $2.80 per share in bn.com or membership unit in Barnes & Noble.com. The note issued to Bertelsmann in the amount of $82.0 million was paid in fiscal 2003. As a result of the acquisition, the Company increased its economic interest in Barnes & Noble.com to approximately 75%. On May 27, 2004, the Company completed a merger (the Merger) of bn.com with a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company. The purchase price paid by the Company was $158.8 million (including acquisition related costs). Under the terms of the Merger, the holders of bn.com’s outstanding common stock, other than the Company and its subsidiaries, received $3.05 in cash for each share that they owned. The Merger was approved by the shareholders of bn.com at a special meeting held on May 27, 2004. As a result of the Merger, bn.com became a privately held company, wholly owned by the Company.

 

F-14


Contractual Obligations

The following table sets forth the Company’s contractual obligations as of January 28, 2006 (in millions):

 

Contractual Obligations

   Payments Due by Period
     Total    Less
Than 1
Year
   1-3 Years    3-5 Years    More Than 5
Years

Long-term debt

   $ —      $ —      $ —      $ —      $ —  

Capital lease obligations

     —        —        —        —        —  

Operating leases

     2,401.3      344.9      647.4      563.5      845.5

Purchase obligations

     32.9      30.4      2.0      0.3      0.2

Other long-term liabilities reflected on the registrant’s balance sheet under GAAP

     —        —        —        —        —  
                                  

Total

   $ 2,434.2    $ 375.3    $ 649.4    $ 563.8    $ 845.7
                                  

See also Note 9 to the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements for information concerning the Company’s Pension and Postretirement Plans.

Off-Balance Sheet Arrangements

As of January 28, 2006, the Company had no off-balance sheet arrangements as defined in Item 303 of the Regulation S-K.

Impact of Inflation

The Company does not believe that inflation has had a material effect on its net sales or results of operations.

Certain Relationships and Related Transactions

See Note 17 to the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

 

F-15


Critical Accounting Policies

Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations discusses the Company’s consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States. The preparation of these financial statements require management to make estimates and assumptions in certain circumstances that affect amounts reported in the accompanying consolidated financial statements and related footnotes. In preparing these financial statements, management has made its best estimates and judgments of certain amounts included in the financial statements, giving due consideration to materiality. The Company does not believe there is a great likelihood that materially different amounts would be reported related to the accounting policies described below. However, application of these accounting policies involves the exercise of judgment and use of assumptions as to future uncertainties and, as a result, actual results could differ from these estimates.

Merchandise Inventories

Merchandise inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market. Cost is determined primarily by the retail inventory method on the first-in, first-out (FIFO) basis for 95% and 96% of the Company’s merchandise inventories as of January 28, 2006 and January 29, 2005, respectively. The remaining merchandise inventories are recorded based on the average cost method.

Market is determined based on the estimated net realizable value, which is generally the selling price. Reserves for non-returnable inventory are based on the Company’s history of liquidating non-returnable inventory.

The Company also estimates and accrues shortage for the period between the last physical count of inventory and the balance sheet date. Shortage rates are estimated and accrued based on historical rates and can be affected by changes in merchandise mix and changes in actual shortage trends.

Other Long-Lived Assets

The Company’s other long-lived assets include property and equipment and amortizable intangibles. At January 28, 2006, the Company had $806.4 million of property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation, and $15.7 million of amortizable intangible assets, net of amortization, accounting for approximately 26.0% of the Company’s total assets. The Company reviews its long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 144, “Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets”. The Company evaluates long-lived assets for impairment at the individual store level, which is the lowest level at which individual cash flows can be identified. When evaluating long-lived assets for potential impairment, the Company will first compare the carrying amount of the assets to the individual store’s estimated future undiscounted cash flows. If the estimated future cash flows are less than the carrying amount of the assets, an impairment loss calculation is prepared. The impairment loss calculation compares the carrying amount of the assets to the individual store’s fair value based on its estimated discounted future cash flows. If required, an impairment loss is recorded for that portion of the asset’s carrying value in excess of fair value. Impairment losses totaled $12.7 million, $0.0 million and $0.0 million in fiscal 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively.

 

F-16


Goodwill and Unamortizable Intangible Assets

At January 28, 2006, the Company had $263.7 million of goodwill and $78.1 million of unamortizable intangible assets (i.e. those with an indefinite useful life), accounting for approximately 10.8% of the Company’s total assets. SFAS No. 142, “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets”, requires that goodwill and other unamortizable intangible assets no longer be amortized, but instead be tested for impairment at least annually or earlier if there are impairment indicators. The Company performs a two-step process for impairment testing of goodwill as required by SFAS No. 142. The first step of this test, used to identify potential impairment, compares the estimated fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. The second step (if necessary) measures the amount of the impairment. The Company completed its annual impairment test on the goodwill in November 2005 and deemed that no impairment charge was necessary. The Company has noted no subsequent indicators of impairment. The Company tests unamortizable intangible assets by comparing the estimated fair value to the carrying value of such assets. Changes in market conditions, among other factors, could have a material impact on these estimates.

Newly Issued Accounting Pronouncements

There were no accounting standards issued during the fiscal year ended January 28, 2006 that are reasonably likely to affect the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

Disclosure Regarding Forward-Looking Statements

This report may contain certain forward-looking statements (within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934) and information relating to the Company that are based on the beliefs of the management of the Company as well as assumptions made by and information currently available to the management of the Company. When used in this report, the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate,” “expect,” “intend,” “plan” and similar expressions, as they relate to the Company or the management of the Company, identify forward-looking statements. Such statements reflect the current views of the Company with respect to future events, the outcome of which is subject to certain risks, including among others general economic and market conditions, decreased consumer demand for the Company’s products, possible disruptions in the Company’s computer or telephone systems, possible work stoppages or increases in labor costs, possible increases in shipping rates or interruptions in shipping service, effects of competition, possible disruptions or delays in the opening of new stores or the inability to obtain suitable sites for new stores, higher-than-anticipated store closing or relocation costs, higher interest rates, the performance of the Company’s online initiatives such as Barnes & Noble.com, the performance and successful integration of acquired businesses, the successful and timely completion and integration of the Company’s new distribution center, the success of the Company’s strategic investments, unanticipated increases in merchandise or occupancy costs, unanticipated adverse litigation results or effects, and other factors which may be outside of the Company’s control. Should one or more of these risks or uncertainties materialize, or should underlying assumptions prove incorrect, actual results or outcomes may vary materially from those described as anticipated, believed, estimated, expected, intended or planned. Subsequent written and oral forward-looking statements attributable to the Company or persons acting on its behalf are expressly qualified in their entirety by the cautionary statements in this paragraph.

 

F-17


CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS

 

Fiscal Year

   2005     2004     2003  
(In thousands, except per share data)                   

Sales

   $ 5,103,004     4,873,595     4,372,177  

Cost of sales and occupancy

     3,533,009     3,386,619     3,060,462  
                    

Gross profit

     1,569,995     1,486,976     1,311,715  
                    

Selling and administrative expenses

     1,134,276     1,052,345     910,448  

Depreciation and amortization

     172,957     181,553     166,825  

Pre-opening expenses

     10,938     8,862     8,668  
                    

Operating profit

     251,824     244,216     225,774  

Interest expense (net of interest income of $7,013, $3,461 and $726, respectively) and amortization of deferred financing fees

     (1,415 )   (11,028 )   (20,944 )

Debt redemption charge

     —       (14,582 )   —    

Equity in net loss of Barnes & Noble.com

     —       —       (14,311 )
                    

Earnings before taxes and minority interest

     250,409     218,606     190,519  

Income taxes

     102,042     94,001     78,779  
                    

Earnings before minority interest

     148,367     124,605     111,740  

Minority interest

     (1,686 )   (1,230 )   (536 )
                    

Earnings from continuing operations

     146,681     123,375     111,204  

Earnings from discontinued operations (net of income tax)

     —       20,001     40,571  
                    

Net earnings

   $ 146,681     143,376     151,775  
                    

Basic earnings per common share

      

Earnings from continuing operations

   $ 2.17     1.79     1.69  

Earnings from discontinued operations

     —       0.29     0.61  
                    

Net earnings

   $ 2.17     2.08     2.30  
                    

Diluted earnings per common share

      

Earnings from continuing operations

   $ 2.03     1.68     1.57  

Earnings from discontinued operations

     —       0.25     0.50  
                    

Net earnings

   $ 2.03     1.93     2.07  
                    

Weighted average common shares outstanding

      

Basic

     67,560     69,018     65,989  

Diluted

     72,150     75,696     77,105  

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

F-18


CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

 

(In thousands, except per share data)

   January 28,
2006
    January 29,
2005
 

Assets

    

Current assets:

    

Cash and cash equivalents

   $ 372,586     535,652  

Receivables, net

     99,117     91,501  

Merchandise inventories

     1,313,997     1,274,578  

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     74,476     85,140  
              

Total current assets

     1,860,176     1,986,871  
              

Property and equipment:

    

Land and land improvements

     3,247     3,247  

Buildings and leasehold improvements

     984,535     940,616  

Fixtures and equipment

     1,174,973     1,081,966  
              
     2,162,755     2,025,829  

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization

     1,356,379     1,221,169  
              

Net property and equipment

     806,376     804,660  
              

Goodwill

     263,731     268,379  

Intangible assets, net

     93,834     97,538  

Deferred taxes

     114,046     123,231  

Other noncurrent assets

     25,969     37,710  
              

Total assets

   $ 3,164,132     3,318,389  
              

Liabilities and Shareholders’ Equity

    

Current liabilities:

    

Accounts payable

   $ 828,852     745,073  

Accrued liabilities

     683,816     580,509  
              

Total current liabilities

     1,512,668     1,325,582  
              

Long-term debt

     —       245,000  

Deferred taxes

     158,035     193,743  

Other long-term liabilities

     367,531     379,180  

Minority interest

     10,057     8,942  

Shareholders’ equity:

    

Common stock; $.001 par value; 300,000 shares authorized; 83,370 and 79,276 shares issued, respectively

     83     79  

Additional paid-in capital

     1,091,018     985,609  

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

     (9,085 )   (9,857 )

Retained earnings

     512,594     386,134  

Treasury stock, at cost, 16,690 and 9,008 shares, respectively

     (478,769 )   (196,023 )
              

Total shareholders’ equity

     1,115,841     1,165,942  
              

Commitments and contingencies

     —       —    
              

Total liabilities and shareholders’ equity

   $ 3,164,132     3,318,389  
              

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

F-19


CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY

 

(In thousands)

   Common
Stock
   Additional
Paid-In
Capital
  

Accumulated

Other

Comprehensive

Loss

    Retained
Earnings
   

Treasury

Stock at

Cost

    Total  

Balance at February 1, 2003

   $ 73    828,522    (11,064 )   373,143     (181,391 )   1,009,283  

Comprehensive earnings:

              

Net earnings

     —      —      —       151,775     —      

Other comprehensive income, net of tax (See Note 11):

              

Foreign currency translation

     —      —      296     —       —      

Unrealized gain on available-for-sale securities

     —      —      128     —       —      

Unrealized gain on derivative instrument

     —      —      3     —       —      

Minimum pension liability

     —      —      2,058     —       —      

Total comprehensive earnings

               154,260  

Exercise of 5,063 common stock options, including tax benefits of $18,724

     4    71,816    —       —       (2,556 )   69,264  

Exercise of common stock options of subsidiaries, including tax benefits of $6,202

     —      13,981    —       —       —       13,981  

Treasury stock acquired, 305 shares

     —      —      —       —       (5,714 )   (5,714 )
                                    

Balance at January 31, 2004

     77    914,319    (8,579 )   524,918     (189,661 )   1,241,074  

Comprehensive earnings:

              

Net earnings

     —      —      —       143,376     —      

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax (See Note 11):

              

Foreign currency translation

     —      —      (19 )   —       —      

Unrealized loss on available-for-sale securities, net of reclassification adjustment

     —      —      (94 )   —       —      

Minimum pension liability

     —      —      (1,165 )   —       —      

Total comprehensive earnings

               142,098  

Exercise of 1,875 common stock options, including tax benefits of $11,300

     2    45,197    —       —       —       45,199  

Exercise of common stock options of subsidiaries, including tax benefits of $2,363

     —      6,911    —       —       —       6,911  

Restricted stock compensation expense

     —      48    —       —       —       48  

Spin-off of GameStop (See Note 2)

     —      —      —       (265,922 )   —       (265,922 )

Conversion of subordinated notes (See Note 5)

     —      17,362    —       —       —       17,362  

Change in reporting period of subsidiary (See Note 3)

     —      —      —       (1,532 )   —       (1,532 )

Tax adjustments and costs attributable to the sale of GameStop Class B shares (See Note 2)

     —      —      —       (14,706 )   —       (14,706 )

Acquisition of partial interest in a subsidiary of Calendar Club (See Note 8)

     —      1,772    —       —       —       1,772  

Treasury stock acquired, 200 shares

     —      —      —       —       (6,362 )   (6,362 )
                                    

Balance at January 29, 2005

     79    985,609    (9,857 )   386,134     (196,023 )   1,165,942  

Comprehensive earnings:

              

Net earnings

     —      —      —       146,681     —      

Other comprehensive loss, net of tax (See Note 11):

              

Foreign currency translation

     —      —      (457 )   —       —      

Minimum pension liability

     —      —      1,229     —       —      

Total comprehensive earnings

               147,453  

Exercise of 4,068 common stock options, including tax benefits of $39,640

     4    101,779    —       —       —       101,783  

Restricted stock compensation expense, including tax benefits of $64

     —      3,630    —       —       —       3,630  

Cash dividends paid to stockholders

     —      —      —       (20,221 )   —       (20,221 )

Treasury stock acquired, 7,682 shares

     —      —      —       —       (282,746 )   (282,746 )
                                    

Balance at January 28, 2006

     83    1,091,018    (9,085 )   512,594     (478,769 )   1,115,841  
                                    

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

F-20


CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

 

Fiscal Year

   2005     2004     2003  
(In thousands)                   

Cash flows from operating activities:

      

Net earnings

   $ 146,681     143,376     151,775  

Net earnings from discontinued operations

     —       20,001     40,571  
                    

Net earnings from continuing operations

     146,681     123,375     111,204  

Adjustments to reconcile net earnings to net cash flows from operating activities:

      

Depreciation and amortization (including amortization of deferred financing fees)

     173,814     183,508     169,741  

Deferred taxes

     1,925     21,285     31,451  

Property and equipment impairment charge

     12,656     —       —    

Decrease in other long-term liabilities for tenant allowances and scheduled rent increases

     (8,596 )   (971 )   (2,036 )

Restricted stock compensation expense

     3,566     48     —    

Loss on disposal of property and equipment

     3,542     1,919     207  

Minority interest

     1,686     1,230     536  

Debt redemption charge (deferred financing fees)

     —       6,112     —    

Equity in net loss of Barnes & Noble.com

     —       —       14,311  

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net

     164,467     195,935     145,934  
                    

Net cash flows from operating activities

     499,741     532,441     471,348  
                    

Cash flows from investing activities:

      

Purchases of property and equipment

     (187,167 )   (184,885 )   (130,103 )

Payments on GameStop note receivable

     12,173     37,500     —    

Net increase in other noncurrent assets

     (1,289 )   (956 )   (1,430 )

Acquisition of consolidated subsidiaries, net of cash acquired

     —       (154,427 )   (140,929 )

Purchase of investments

     —       —       (1,474 )
                    

Net cash flows from investing activities

     (176,283 )   (302,768 )   (273,936 )
                    

Cash flows from financing activities:

      

Purchase of treasury stock

     (282,746 )   (6,362 )   (5,714 )

Repayment of debt

     (245,000 )   —       —    

Proceeds from exercise of common stock options

     62,143     34,043     54,984  

Cash dividends paid to shareholders

     (20,221 )   —       —    

Dividend to minority interest

     (700 )   —       —    

Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt

     —       245,000     —    

Redemption of convertible subordinated notes

     —       (286,497 )   —    
                    

Net cash flows from financing activities

     (486,524 )   (13,816 )   49,270  
                    

Cash flows from discontinued operations (Revised – See Note 1)

      

Operating cash flows

     —       25,284     67,477  

Investing cash flows

     —       (79,280 )   (66,496 )

Financing cash flows (including cash at date of spin-off)

     —       (113,409 )   (28,105 )
                    

Net cash flows from discontinued operations

     —       (167,405 )   (27,124 )
                    

Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents

     (163,066 )   48,452     219,558  

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year

     535,652     487,200     267,642  
                    

Cash and cash equivalents at end of year (including cash of discontinued operations of $0, $0 and $204,905, respectively)

   $ 372,586     535,652     487,200  
                    

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net:

      

Receivables, net

   $ (8,595 )   (10,801 )   31,536  

Merchandise inventories

     (39,419 )   15,317     (17,287 )

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

     (8,216 )   26,650     569  

Accounts payable and accrued liabilities

     220,697     164,769     131,116  
                    

Changes in operating assets and liabilities, net

   $ 164,467     195,935     145,934  
                    

Supplemental cash flow information:

      

Cash paid during the period for:

      

Interest

   $ 810     16,536     18,498  

Income taxes (net of refunds)

   $ 28,611     42,215     56,256  

Supplemental disclosure of subsidiaries acquired:

      

Assets acquired, net of cash acquired

   $ —       162,161     220,656  

Liabilities assumed

     —       7,734     79,727  
                    

Cash paid

   $ —       154,427     140,929  
                    

Noncash activities:

      

Net assets distributed in spin-off of GameStop

   $ —       160,417     —    

Note receivable on sale of GameStop shares

   $ —       74,020     —    
                    

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

 

F-21


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

(Thousands of dollars, except per share data)

For the 52 weeks ended January 28, 2006 (fiscal 2005), January 29, 2005 (fiscal 2004) and January 31, 2004 (fiscal 2003).

1. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies

Business

Barnes & Noble, Inc. (Barnes & Noble), through its subsidiaries (collectively, the Company), is primarily engaged in the sale of books. As of January 28, 2006, the Company operated 799 bookstores, 681 primarily under the Barnes & Noble Booksellers trade name (hereafter collectively referred to as Barnes & Noble stores) and 118 primarily under the B. Dalton Bookseller trade name (hereafter collectively referred to as B. Dalton stores). Barnes & Noble conducts the online part of its business through barnesandnoble.com llc (Barnes & Noble.com), one of the largest sellers of books on the Internet. The Company publishes books under its own imprints which, since January 2003, also include the imprints of Sterling Publishing Co., Inc. (Sterling Publishing). Additionally, the Company owns an approximate 74% interest in Calendar Club L.L.C. (Calendar Club), an operator of seasonal kiosks.

Consolidation

The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Barnes & Noble and its wholly and majority-owned subsidiaries. Investments in affiliates in which ownership interests range from 20% to 50%, are accounted for under the equity method. All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation. Additionally, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) Interpretation No. 46, “Consolidation of Variable Interest Entities, an Interpretation of ARB No. 51”, as revised (FIN 46R) requires an entity determined to be a variable interest entity to be consolidated by the enterprise that absorbs the majority of the entity’s expected losses, receives a majority of the entity’s expected residual returns or both. FIN 46R was applied in fiscal 2004 in accounting for the acquisition of an incremental ownership interest in a subsidiary of Calendar Club (see Note 8 to the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements).

Use of Estimates

In preparing financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles, the Company is required to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and the disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates.

Cash and Cash Equivalents

The Company considers all short-term, highly liquid instruments purchased with an original maturity of three months or less to be cash equivalents.

 

F-22


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

Merchandise Inventories

Merchandise inventories are stated at the lower of cost or market. Cost is determined primarily by the retail inventory method on the first-in, first-out (FIFO) basis for 95% and 96% of the Company’s merchandise inventories as of January 28, 2006 and January 29, 2005, respectively. The remaining merchandise inventories are recorded based on the average cost method.

Market is determined based on the estimated net realizable value, which is generally the selling price. Reserves for non-returnable inventory are based on the Company’s history of liquidating non-returnable inventory.

The Company also estimates and accrues shortage for the period between the last physical count of inventory and the balance sheet date. Shortage rates are estimated and accrued based on historical rates and can be affected by changes in merchandise mix and changes in actual shortage trends.

Property and Equipment

Property and equipment are carried at cost, less accumulated depreciation and amortization. For financial reporting purposes, depreciation is computed using the straight-line method over estimated useful lives. For tax purposes, different methods are used. Maintenance and repairs are expensed as incurred, while major improvements and remodeling costs are capitalized. Leasehold improvements are capitalized and amortized over the shorter of their estimated useful lives or the terms of the respective leases. Capitalized lease acquisition costs are being amortized over the lease terms of the underlying leases. Costs incurred in purchasing management information systems are capitalized and included in property and equipment. These costs are amortized over their estimated useful lives from the date the systems become operational.

 

F-23


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

Other Long-Lived Assets

The Company’s other long-lived assets include property and equipment, and amortizable intangibles. At January 28, 2006, the Company had $806,376 of property and equipment, net of accumulated depreciation, and $15,685 of amortizable intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization, accounting for approximately 26.0% of the Company’s total assets. The Company reviews its long-lived assets for impairment whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that the carrying amount of an asset may not be recoverable in accordance with Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 144, “Accounting for the Impairment or Disposal of Long-Lived Assets.” The Company evaluates long-lived assets for impairment at the individual store level, which is the lowest level at which individual cash flows can be identified. When evaluating long-lived assets for potential impairment, the Company will first compare the carrying amount of the assets to the individual store’s estimated future undiscounted cash flows. If the estimated future cash flows are less than the carrying amount of the assets, an impairment loss calculation is prepared. The impairment loss calculation compares the carrying amount of the assets to the individual store’s fair value based on its estimated discounted future cash flows. If required, an impairment loss is recorded for that portion of the asset’s carrying value in excess of fair value. Impairment losses totaled $12,656, $0 and $0 in fiscal 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively.

Goodwill and Unamortizable Intangible Assets

The costs in excess of net assets of businesses acquired are carried as goodwill in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets.

At January 28, 2006, the Company had $263,731 of goodwill and $78,149 of unamortizable intangible assets (i.e. those with an indefinite life), accounting for approximately 10.8% of the Company’s total assets. SFAS No. 142, “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets”, requires that goodwill and other unamortizable intangible assets no longer be amortized, but instead be tested for impairment at least annually or earlier if there are impairment indicators. The Company performs a two-step process for impairment testing of goodwill as required by SFAS No. 142. The first step of this test, used to identify potential impairment, compares the fair value of a reporting unit with its carrying amount. The second step (if necessary) measures the amount of the impairment. The Company completed its annual impairment test on the goodwill in November 2005 and deemed that no impairment charge was necessary. The Company has noted no subsequent indicators of impairment. The Company tests unamortizable intangible assets by comparing the fair value and the carrying value of such assets. Changes in market conditions, among other factors, could have a material impact on these estimates.

Deferred Charges

Costs incurred to obtain long-term financing are amortized over the terms of the respective debt agreements using the straight-line method, which approximates the interest method. Unamortized costs included in other noncurrent assets as of January 28, 2006 and January 29, 2005 were $1,878 and $2,396, respectively. Amortization expense included in interest and amortization of deferred financing fees were $857, $1,955 and $2,568 during fiscal 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively.

 

F-24


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

Revenue Recognition

Revenue from sales of the Company’s products is recognized at the time of sale. Sales returns (which are not significant) are recognized at the time returns are made.

The Barnes & Noble Membership Program entitles the customer to receive a 10% discount on all purchases made during the twelve-month membership period. The annual membership fee of $25.00 is non-refundable after the first 30 days of the membership term. Revenue is being recognized over the twelve-month membership period based upon historical spending patterns for Barnes & Noble customers. Refunds of membership fees due to cancellations within the first 30 days are minimal.

Advertising Costs

The costs of advertising are expensed as incurred during the year pursuant to Statement of Position 93-7, “Reporting on Advertising Costs”. In addition, consideration received from vendors in conjunction with the Company’s cooperative advertising program is netted against the related expenses. Advertising costs are charged to selling and administrative expenses. In accordance with Emerging Issues Task Force (EITF) Issue 02-16, “Accounting by a Customer (Including a Reseller) for Certain Consideration Received from a Vendor”, the Company classifies certain co-op advertising received as a reduction in costs of sales and occupancy.

Closed Store Expenses

When the Company closes or relocates a store, the Company charges unrecoverable costs to expense. Such costs include the net book value of abandoned fixtures and leasehold improvements and, when a store is closed, a provision for future lease obligations, net of expected sublease recoveries. Costs associated with store closings of $6,905, $6,531 and $5,698 during fiscal 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively, are included in selling and administrative expenses in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.

Net Earnings Per Common Share

Basic earnings per share is computed by dividing income available to common shareholders by the weighted-average number of common shares outstanding. Diluted earnings per share reflect, in periods in which they have a dilutive effect, the impact of common shares issuable upon exercise of the Company’s outstanding stock options and with respect to the Company’s deferred compensation plan.

Income Taxes

The provision for income taxes includes federal, state and local income taxes currently payable and those deferred because of temporary differences between the financial statement and tax bases of assets and liabilities. The deferred tax assets and liabilities are measured using the enacted tax rates and laws that are expected to be in effect when the differences reverse.

Stock-Based Compensation

The Company grants options to purchase Barnes & Noble, Inc. (BKS) common stock and, prior to the May 27, 2004 merger of barnesandnoble.com inc. into a wholly-owned subsidiary of the Company, barnesandnoble.com inc. (BNBN) common stock under stock-based incentive plans. In addition, prior to

 

F-25


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

the November 12, 2004 spin-off of GameStop, the Company granted options to purchase GameStop (GME) Class A common stock under a stock-based incentive plan. The Company accounts for all transactions under which employees receive such options based on the price of the underlying stock in accordance with the provisions of Accounting Principles Board Opinion No. 25, “Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees”. The following table illustrates the effect on net income and income per share as if the Company had applied the fair value-recognition provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards (SFAS) No. 123, “Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation,” as amended by SFAS No. 148, “Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation—Transition and Disclosure,” to stock-based incentive plans:

 

Fiscal Year

   2005    2004    2003

Net earnings – as reported

   $ 146,681    143,376    151,775

Compensation expense, net of tax

        

BKS stock options

     6,764    19,473    12,513

GME stock options, net of minority interest

     —      4,319    4,778

BNBN stock options

     —      13    10
                

Pro forma net earnings – pro forma for SFAS No. 123

   $ 139,917    119,571    134,474
                

Basic earnings per share:

        

As reported

   $ 2.17    2.08    2.30

Pro forma for SFAS No. 123

   $ 2.07    1.73    2.04

Diluted earnings per share:

        

As reported

   $ 2.03    1.93    2.07

Pro forma for SFAS No. 123

   $ 1.95    1.62    1.85

In December 2004, the FASB issued SFAS No. 123 (Revised), “Share-Based Payment,” a revision of SFAS No. 123, “Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation.” SFAS No. 123R requires the fair value measurement of all stock-based payments to employees, including grants of employee stock options, and recognition of those expenses in the statement of operations. SFAS No. 123R is effective for fiscal years that begin after June 15, 2005. As required, the Company will adopt SFAS No. 123R in the first quarter of fiscal 2006. The adoption of this standard will not affect the stock-based compensation associated with the Company’s restricted stock which is already recorded at fair value on the date of grant and recognized over the vesting period. The Company will use the modified prospective method of adoption which requires companies to record compensation expense for all previously issued unvested stock options at the date of the initial adoption and any stock options issued after January 28, 2006. The Company currently uses the Black-Scholes valuation model to calculate compensation expense for stock options for current footnote disclosure purposes and will continue to use this model in determining future compensation expense. The Company expects the stock option compensation expense in fiscal 2006 to be approximately the same as the fiscal 2005 pro forma compensation expense noted in the above table.

Reclassifications

Certain prior-period amounts have been reclassified for comparative purposes to conform with the fiscal 2005 presentation.

 

F-26


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

Reporting Period

The Company’s fiscal year is comprised of 52 or 53 weeks, ending on the Saturday closest to the last day of January. The reporting periods ended January 28, 2006, January 29, 2005 and January 31, 2004 contained 52 weeks.

Newly Issued Accounting Pronouncements

There were no accounting standards issued during the fiscal year ended January 28, 2006 that are reasonably likely to affect the Company’s consolidated financial statements.

Revised Previously Issued Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows

For fiscal 2005, the Company has revised the amounts shown for net cash flows from (used by) discontinued operations for fiscal 2004 and 2003 from $37,500 and $0 to ($167,405) and ($27,124), respectively, and has separately disclosed the operating, investing and financing portions of these cash flows. In addition, the balance of cash and cash equivalents presented on the statement of cash flows at the beginning and end of fiscal 2003 have been increased by $232,029 and $204,905, respectively, to include the cash of the discontinued operation.

2. GameStop Spin-Off

On October 1, 2004, the Company’s independent directors approved an overall plan for the complete disposition of all of its Class B common stock in GameStop Corp. (GameStop), the Company’s former video game operating segment. This disposition was completed in two steps as described below.

The first step in the disposition was the sale of 6,107,338 shares of GameStop Class B common stock held by the Company to GameStop (the Stock Sale) for an aggregate consideration of $111,520, consisting of $37,500 in cash and a promissory note in the principal amount of $74,020, bearing interest at a rate of 5.5% per annum. Scheduled payments on the note of $37,500 and $12,173 were received in January 2005 and October 2005, respectively, and the remaining balance is due in two equal annual installments of $12,173 on October 1, 2006 and 2007. The Stock Sale was completed on October 1, 2004. Because of the capital nature of the disposition, the proceeds from the Stock Sale were recorded as a reduction in the basis of the investment in GameStop, resulting in no gain for financial reporting purposes. In that regard, the tax adjustments associated with the related taxable capital gain on the Stock Sale, amounting to $14,443, have been charged directly to retained earnings. Also included in the charge to retained earnings are $263 of GameStop costs related to the redemption of their shares from the Company.

The second step in the disposition was the spin-off by the Company of its remaining 29,901,662 shares of GameStop’s Class B common stock (the Spin-Off). The Spin-Off was completed on November 12, 2004 with the distribution of 0.424876232 of a share of GameStop Class B common stock as a tax-free distribution on each outstanding share of the Company’s common stock to the Company’s stockholders of record as of the close of business on November 2, 2004. The Class B shares retained their super voting power of 10 votes per share and are separately listed on the New York Stock Exchange under the symbol GME.B. As a result of the Stock Sale and the Spin-Off, GameStop is no longer a subsidiary of the Company and, accordingly, the Company will present all historical results of operations of GameStop as discontinued operations. The discontinued operations generated sales of $1,232,141 and $1,578,838 and net income of $20,001 (net of $19,413 in tax) and $40,571 (net of $26,666 in tax) for fiscal 2004 (to the date of the Spin-Off) and 2003, respectively.

 

F-27


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

3. Barnes & Noble.com Acquisition

On September 15, 2003, the Company completed its acquisition of all of Bertelsmann AG’s (Bertelsmann) interest in barnesandnoble.com inc. (bn.com) and barnesandnoble.com llc (Barnes & Noble.com). The purchase price paid by the Company was $165,406 (including acquisition related costs) in a combination of cash and a note, equivalent to $2.80 per share in bn.com or membership unit in Barnes & Noble.com. The note issued to Bertelsmann in the amount of $82,000 was paid in the fourth quarter of fiscal 2003. As a result of the acquisition, the Company increased its economic interest in Barnes & Noble.com to approximately 75%.

On May 27, 2004, the Company completed a merger (the Merger) of bn.com with a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company. The purchase price paid by the Company was $158,776 (including acquisition related costs). Under the terms of the Merger, the holders of bn.com’s outstanding common stock, other than the Company and its subsidiaries, received $3.05 in cash for each share that they owned. The Merger was approved by the shareholders of bn.com at a special meeting held on May 27, 2004. As a result of the Merger, bn.com became a privately held company, wholly owned by the Company.

The acquisitions were accounted for by the purchase method of accounting and, accordingly, the results of operations since September 15, 2003 are included in the consolidated financial statements. Based upon the assessment of the fair values, the allocation of the purchase price to the proportionate amount of assets acquired and liabilities assumed in the above noted transactions was as follows:

 

Current assets

   $ 58,835

Hardware and software

     24,625

Other assets

     16,028

Customer list and relationships

     7,700

Trade name

     48,400

Deferred tax assets

     54,220

Goodwill

     183,164
      

Total assets acquired

     392,972

Liabilities assumed

     68,790
      

Total purchase price

   $ 324,182
      

Hardware and software have been assigned an estimated useful life of four years. The customer list and relationships intangible asset has been assigned an estimated useful life of four years to be amortized on an accelerated basis based on estimated usage where a substantial portion of the asset will be amortized in the first year. The goodwill and the trade name (which is considered to have an indefinite life and will not be amortized) will be tested at least annually for impairment in accordance with SFAS No. 142, “Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets”.

Goodwill arising from the Bertelsmann acquisition that is deductible for income tax purposes exceeded the related amount for financial reporting purposes by approximately $96,576. In accordance with SFAS No. 109, “Accounting for Income Taxes”, the Company will recognize the tax benefits of amortizing such excess as a reduction of goodwill as it is realized on the Company’s income tax return (see Note 12 to the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements).

 

F-28


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

The following table summarizes pro forma results as if the Company had acquired Barnes & Noble.com (resulting in a 100% economic interest) and recorded the above noted allocations of purchase price on the first day of fiscal 2003:

 

Fiscal Year

   2003

Sales

   $ 4,649,000

Net income

   $ 139,387

Earnings from continuing operations

  

Basic

   $ 1.50

Diluted

   $ 1.41

Prior to the quarter ended July 31, 2004, the Company reported the results of Barnes & Noble.com on a one month lag basis. Subsequent to the Merger, the results of Barnes & Noble.com have been included based on a reporting period which is consistent with that of the Company. As a result of this change, retained earnings has been charged directly for the $1,532 loss of Barnes & Noble.com for the month of January 2004, and all other reported results are presented as though the reporting period of Barnes & Noble.com was changed at the beginning of fiscal 2004.

4. Receivables, Net

Receivables represent customer, credit/debit card, advertising, landlord and other receivables due within one year as follows:

 

     January 28,
2006
   January 29,
2005

Credit/debit card receivables (a)

   $ 33,411    31,446

Trade accounts

     18,885    12,829

Current portion of note receivable from GameStop

     12,173    12,173

Advertising

     9,875    9,473

Receivables from landlords for leasehold improvements

     14,936    18,159

Other receivables

     9,837    7,421
           

Total receivables, net

   $ 99,117    91,501
           

(a) Credit/debit card receivables consist of receivables from credit/debit card companies. The Company assumes no customer credit risk for these receivables.

5. Debt

On June 17, 2005, the Company, together with certain of its subsidiaries, entered into a Credit Agreement (the New Facility) with a syndicate led by Bank of America, N.A. and JPMorgan Chase Bank, N.A. The New Facility replaces the Amended and Restated Credit and Term Loan Agreement, dated as of August 10, 2004 (the Prior Facility), which consisted of a revolving credit facility and a term loan. The revolving credit facility portion was due to expire in May 2006 and the term loan had a maturity date of August 10, 2009. The Prior Facility was terminated on June 17, 2005, at which time the

 

F-29


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

prior outstanding term loan of $245,000 was repaid. Letters of credit issued under the Prior Facility, which totaled approximately $30,000 as of June 17, 2005, were transferred to become letters of credit under the New Facility.

The New Facility provides for a maximum aggregate borrowing amount of $850,000 (which under certain circumstances may be increased to $1,000,000 at the option of the Company) and terminates on June 16, 2010. The maximum aggregate borrowing amount may be reduced from time to time according to the terms of the New Facility. Borrowings made pursuant to the New Facility may be committed loans or swing line loans, the combined sum (including any outstanding letters of credit) of which may not exceed the maximum borrowing amount. Amounts borrowed under the New Facility may be borrowed, repaid and reborrowed from time to time until June 16, 2010. The New Facility also provides for the issuance of letters of credit.

Borrowings made pursuant to the New Facility as committed loans will bear interest, payable quarterly or, if earlier, at the end of any interest period, at either (a) the base rate, described in the New Facility as the higher of Bank of America N.A.’s prime rate (7.25% as of January 28, 2006) or the federal funds rate (4.38% as of January 28, 2006) plus 0.50%, or (b) the Eurodollar rate (a publicly published rate which amounted to 4.57% as of January 28, 2006) plus a percentage spread (ranging from 0.750% to 1.375%) based on the Company’s consolidated fixed charge coverage ratio. Swing line loans bear interest at the base rate. Under the New Facility, the Company agrees to pay a commitment facility fee, payable quarterly, at rates that range from 0.150% to 0.300% depending on the Company’s consolidated fixed charge coverage ratio. The payments under the New Facility are guaranteed by material subsidiaries of the Company.

The New Facility contains customary affirmative and negative covenants for credit facilities of this type, including limitations on the Company and its subsidiaries with respect to indebtedness, liens, investments, distributions, mergers and acquisitions, disposition of assets, sale-leaseback transactions, and transactions with affiliates. The New Facility permits the Company to use proceeds of the credit loans and letters of credit for working capital and capital expenditures and for all other lawful corporate purposes, including payment of dividends, acquisitions of assets, capital stock of other companies and share repurchases, in each case to the extent permitted in the New Facility. The New Facility also contains financial covenants that require the Company to maintain a minimum consolidated fixed charge coverage ratio of 1.75 and a maximum consolidated funded debt to earnings ratio of 2.00.

The New Facility provides for customary events of default with corresponding grace periods, including failure to pay any principal or interest when due, failure to comply with covenants, any material representation or warranty made by the Company proving to be false in any material respect, certain bankruptcy, insolvency or receivership events affecting the Company or its subsidiaries, defaults relating to certain other indebtedness, imposition of certain judgments and a change in control of the Company (as defined in the New Facility).

On June 28, 2004, the Company completed the redemption of its $300,000 outstanding 5.25% convertible subordinated notes due 2009. Holders of the notes converted a total of $17,746 principal amount of the notes into 545,821 shares of common stock of the Company, plus cash in lieu of fractional shares, at a price of $32.512 per share. The Company redeemed the balance of $282,254 principal amount of the notes at an aggregate redemption price, together with accrued interest and redemption premium, of $294,961. The write-off of the unamortized portion of the deferred financing fees from the issuance of the notes and the redemption premium resulted in a charge of $14,582.

 

F-30


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

Selected information related to the Company’s term loan, convertible subordinated notes and the New and Prior Facilities:

 

Fiscal Year

   2005     2004     2003  

Revolving credit facility

   $ —       —       —    

Term loan

     —       245,000     —    

Convertible subordinated notes

     —       —       300,000  
                    

Balance at end of year

   $ —       245,000     300,000  
                    

Average balance outstanding during the year

   $ 121,915     276,043     342,469  

Maximum borrowings outstanding during the year

   $ 245,000     392,700     474,150  

Weighted average interest rate during the year

     6.91 %   5.25 %   6.33 %

Interest rate at end of year

     —       3.78 %   5.25 %

Fees expensed with respect to the unused portion of the New and Prior Facilities were $1,320, $1,014 and $1,170, during fiscal 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively.

The amounts outstanding under the New and Prior Facilities, if any, have been classified as long-term debt based on the Company’s ability to continually maintain principal amounts outstanding.

The Company has no agreements to maintain compensating balances.

6. Fair Values of Financial Instruments

The carrying values of cash and cash equivalents reported in the accompanying consolidated balance sheets approximate fair value due to the short-term maturities of these assets. The aggregate fair value of the Credit Facility approximates its carrying amount because of its recent and frequent repricing based upon market conditions.

 

F-31


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

7. Net Earnings Per Share

Following is a reconciliation of earnings from continuing operations and weighted average common shares outstanding for purposes of calculating basic and diluted earnings per share:

 

Fiscal Year

   2005    2004    2003

Numerator:

        

Earnings from continuing operations

   $ 146,681    123,375    111,204

Interest expense on 5.25% convertible subordinated notes, net of tax

     —      3,835    10,151
                
   $ 146,681    127,210    121,355
                

Denominator:

        

Basic weighted average common shares outstanding

     67,560    69,018    65,989

Weighted average assumed conversion of 5.25% convertible subordinated notes

     —      3,752    9,227

Dilutive effect of stock awards

     4,590    2,926    1,889
                

Diluted outstanding shares

     72,150    75,696    77,105
                

Earnings from continuing operations

        

Basic

   $ 2.17    1.79    1.69

Diluted

   $ 2.03    1.68    1.57

8. Other Acquisitions

Calendar Club has a minority interest in a joint venture investment, CCUK, which distributes and sells calendars and related products in the United Kingdom. CCUK was previously accounted for under the equity method. As a result of the acquisition of an incremental ownership interest in CCUK in fiscal 2004, Calendar Club determined that CCUK should be consolidated under the provisions of FIN 46R and, accordingly, the results of operations for the period subsequent to the acquisition are included in the consolidated financial statements. The operating results of CCUK are not material to the Company.

 

F-32


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

9. Employees’ Retirement and Defined Contribution Plans

As of December 31, 1999, substantially all employees of the Company were covered under a noncontributory defined benefit pension plan (the Pension Plan). As of January 1, 2000, the Pension Plan was amended so that employees no longer earn benefits for subsequent service. Effective December 31, 2004, the Barnes & Noble.com Employees’ Retirement Plan (the B&N.com Retirement Plan) was merged with the Pension Plan. Substantially all employees of Barnes & Noble.com were covered under the B&N.com Retirement Plan. As of July 1, 2000, the B&N.com Retirement Plan was amended so that employees no longer earn benefits for subsequent service. The Pension Plan will continue to hold assets and pay benefits.

The Company maintains a defined contribution plan (the Savings Plan) for the benefit of substantially all employees. In addition, the Company provides certain health care and life insurance benefits (the Postretirement Plan) to retired employees, limited to those receiving benefits or retired as of April 1, 1993.

A summary of the components of net periodic cost for the Pension Plan and the Postretirement Plan follows:

 

     Pension Plan     Postretirement Plan

Fiscal Year

   2005     2004     2003     2005    2004    2003

Service cost

   $ —       —       —       —      —      —  

Interest cost

     2,284     2,245     2,083     176    285    282

Expected return on plan assets

     (2,769 )   (2,679 )   (2,259 )   —      —      —  

Net amortization and deferral

     1,559     1,596     1,184     3    84    51
                                  

Total expense

   $ 1,074     1,162     1,008     179    369    333
                                  

Total Company contributions charged to employee benefit expenses for the Savings Plan were $9,174, $8,145 and $7,140 during fiscal 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively.

Actuarial assumptions used for disclosure of the Pension Plan and the Postretirement Plan are as follows:

 

     Pension Plan     Postretirement Plan  

Fiscal Year

   2005     2004     2003     2005     2004     2003  

Discount rate

   6.0 %   6.0 %   6.3 %   6.0 %   6.0 %   6.3 %

Expected return on plan assets

   8.8 %   8.8 %   8.8 %   —       —       —    

Weighted-average actuarial assumptions used in determining the net periodic costs of the Pension Plan and the Postretirement Plan are as follows:

 

     Pension Plan     Postretirement Plan  

Fiscal Year

   2005     2004     2003     2005     2004     2003  

Discount rate

   6.0 %   6.3 %   6.5 %   6.0 %   6.3 %   6.5 %

Expected return on plan assets

   8.8 %   8.8 %   8.8 %   —       —       —    

 

F-33


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

The following table provides a reconciliation of benefit obligations, plan assets and funded status of the Pension Plan and the Postretirement Plan:

 

     Pension Plan     Postretirement Plan  

Fiscal Year

   2005     2004     2005     2004  

Change in benefit obligation:

        

Benefit obligation at beginning of year

   $ 38,712     34,231     5,030     4,678  

Interest cost

     2,284     2,245     176     285  

Actuarial (gain) loss

     (255 )   3,652     (1,673 )   1,179  

Medicare prescription subsidy

     —       —       —       (537 )

Benefits paid

     (1,478 )   (1,416 )   (298 )   (575 )
                          

Benefit obligation at end of year

   $ 39,263     38,712     3,235     5,030  
                          

Change in plan assets:

        

Fair value of plan assets at beginning of year

   $ 32,027     30,872     —       —    

Actual return on assets

     3,030     2,571     —       —    

Employer contributions

     —       —       —       —    

Benefits paid

     (1,478 )   (1,416 )   —       —    
                          

Fair value of plan assets at end of year

   $ 33,579     32,027     —       —    
                          

Funded status

   $ (5,685 )   (6,685 )   (3,235 )   (5,030 )

Unrecognized net actuarial loss

     14,951     17,025     317     1,993  
                          

Net amount recognized

   $ 9,266     10,340     (2,918 )   (3,037 )
                          

Amounts recognized in the statement of financial position consist of:

        

Prepaid (accrued) benefit cost

   $ —       —       (2,918 )   (3,037 )

Accrued benefit liability

     (5,685 )   (6,685 )   —       —    

Accumulated other comprehensive income

     14,951     17,025     —       —    
                          

Net amount recognized

   $ 9,266     10,340     (2,918 )   (3,037 )
                          

The health-care cost trend rate used to measure the expected cost of the Postretirement Plan benefits is assumed to be 9% in 2006 declining at 1% decrements each year through 2010 to 5% in 2010 and each year thereafter. The health-care cost trend assumption has an effect on the amounts reported. For example, a 1% increase or decrease in the health-care cost trend rate would change the accumulated postretirement benefit obligation by approximately $267 and ($228), respectively, as of January 28, 2006, and would change the net periodic cost by approximately $15 and ($13), respectively, during fiscal 2005.

 

F-34


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

The Company’s Pension Plan allocation at January 28, 2006 and January 29, 2005 are as follows:

 

     Percentage of Plan
Assets
 

Fiscal Year

   2005     2004  

Asset Category

    

Large capitalization equities

   24.7 %   24.8 %

Mid capitalization equities

   15.0     15.0  

Small capitalization equities

   15.0     14.9  

International equities

   5.3     5.0  

Fixed income core bonds

   34.6     35.0  

Global bonds

   4.9     5.0  

Cash

   0.5     0.3  
            
   100.0 %   100.0 %
            

The Company’s investment strategy is to obtain the highest possible return commensurate with the level of assumed risk. Investments are well diversified within each of the major asset categories.

Annualized returns for periods ending January 28, 2006 have been as follows: 8.1% for one year and 14.6% for three years.

The Company expects that there will be no minimum regulatory funding requirements that will need to be made during the fiscal year ending February 3, 2007. No decision has been made at this time on Company contributions.

Expected benefit payments are as follows over future years:

 

    Pension
Plan
  Postretirement Plan
Fiscal Year     Gross Before
Medicare Part
D Subsidies
  Expected
Medicare Part
D Subsidies
  Net Including
Medicare Part
D Subsidies
2006   $ 901   $ 295   $ 56   $ 239
2007     997     318     58     260
2008     1,142     334     61     273
2009     1,229     338     62     276
2010     1,325     343     62     281
2011-2015     8,932     1,698     299     1,399

 

F-35


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

10. Income Taxes

The Company files a consolidated federal return with all 80% or more owned subsidiaries. Federal and state income tax provisions (benefits) for fiscal 2005, 2004 and 2003 are as follows:

 

Fiscal Year

   2005     2004    2003

Current:

       

Federal

   $ 90,738     59,725    40,042

State

     9,379     12,991    7,286
                 

Total current

     100,117     72,716    47,328
                 

Deferred:

       

Federal

     (6,638 )   20,647    26,580

State

     8,563     638    4,871
                 

Total deferred

     1,925     21,285    31,451
                 

Total

   $ 102,042     94,001    78,779
                 

A reconciliation between the effective income tax rate and the federal statutory income tax rate is as follows:

 

Fiscal Year

   2005     2004     2003  

Federal statutory income tax rate

   35.00 %   35.00 %   35.00 %

State income taxes, net of federal income tax benefit

   4.54     4.58     4.43  

Prior year taxes

   —       1.86     0.45  

Other, net

   1.21     1.56     1.47  
                  

Effective income tax rate

   40.75 %   43.00 %   41.35 %
                  

 

F-36


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

The tax effects of temporary differences that give rise to significant components of the Company’s deferred tax assets and liabilities as of January 28, 2006 and January 29, 2005 are as follows:

 

     January 28,
2006
    January 29,
2005
 

Deferred tax liabilities:

    

Investment in Barnes & Noble.com

   $ (102,691 )   (93,629 )

Depreciation

     (40,067 )   (80,762 )

Operating expenses

     (15,357 )   (5,937 )

Goodwill and intangible asset amortization

     (11,793 )   (13,319 )

Other

     (3,483 )   (6,308 )
              

Total deferred tax liabilities

     (173,391 )   (199,955 )
              

Deferred tax assets:

    

Loss carryover

     48,188     55,413  

Lease transactions

     47,836     40,848  

Inventory

     11,723     25,820  

Estimated accruals

     14,684     21,962  

Investments in equity securities

     10,914     16,465  

Insurance liability

     8,022     8,283  

Pension

     7,108     7,749  
              

Total deferred tax assets

     148,475     176,540  
              

Net deferred tax liabilities

   $ (24,916 )   (23,415 )
              

Balance Sheet caption reported in:

    

Prepaid expenses and other current assets

   $ 34,429     53,309  

Deferred taxes (assets)

     114,046     123,231  

Accrued liabilities

     (15,356 )   (6,212 )

Deferred taxes (liabilities)

     (158,035 )   (193,743 )
              

Net deferred tax liabilities

   $ (24,916 )   (23,415 )
              

At January 28, 2006, bn.com, a wholly owned subsidiary of the Company, had federal and state net operating loss (NOL) carryforwards of approximately $119,000 that expire beginning in 2018 through 2022 if not utilized. Due to the change in ownership of bn.com resulting from the Merger described in Note 3 above, the utilization of these NOL carryforwards in the Company’s consolidated tax returns is limited to approximately $6,700 on an annual basis.

The Company has additional state NOL carryforwards of approximately $41,000 that expire beginning in 2006 through 2012.

 

F-37


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

11. Other Comprehensive Earnings (Loss), Net of Tax

Comprehensive earnings are net earnings, plus certain other items that are recorded directly to shareholders’ equity, as follows:

 

Fiscal Year

   2005     2004     2003

Net earnings

   $ 146,681     143,376     151,775

Other comprehensive earnings (loss):

      

Foreign currency translation adjustments

     (457 )   (19 )   296

Unrealized gain (loss) on available-for-sale securities (net of deferred tax expense (benefit) of $0, ($58) and $88, respectively)

     —       (142 )   128

Less: reclassification adjustment (net of deferred income tax expense of $0, $20 and $0, respectively)

     —       48     —  
                  

Unrealized gain (loss) on available-for-sale securities, net of reclassification adjustment

     —       (94 )   128
                  

Unrealized loss on derivative instrument (net of deferred tax of $0, $0 and $2, respectively)

     —       —       3

Changes in minimum pension liability (net of deferred tax expense (benefit) of $845, ($879) and $1,416, respectively)

     1,229     (1,165 )   2,058
                  

Total comprehensive earnings

   $ 147,453     142,098     154,260
                  

 

F-38


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

12. Changes in Intangible Assets and Goodwill

The following intangible assets were acquired by the Company primarily in connection with the purchase of Sterling Publishing in fiscal 2002, the purchase of Bertelsmann’s interest in Barnes & Noble.com in fiscal 2003 and the purchase of the public interest in Barnes & Noble.com in fiscal 2004:

 

     As of January 28, 2006
     Gross Carrying
Amount
   Accumulated
Amortization
    Total

Amortizable intangible assets

   $ 29,363    (13,678 )   $ 15,685

Unamortizable intangible assets

     78,149    —         78,149
                   
   $ 107,512    (13,678 )   $ 93,834
                   

Amortizable intangible assets consist primarily of author contracts and customer list and relationships, which are being amortized over periods of 10 years and four years (on an accelerated basis), respectively.

 

Aggregate Amortization Expense:

  

For the 52 weeks ended January 28, 2006

   $ 3,718

Estimated Amortization Expense:

  

(12 months ending on or about January 31)

  

2007

   $ 2,684

2008

   $ 2,531

2009

   $ 2,395

2010

   $ 2,382

2011

   $ 2,023

The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill for the 52 weeks ended January 28, 2006 are as follows:

 

Balance as of January 29, 2005

   $ 268,379  

Foreign currency translation

     (220 )

Benefit of excess tax amortization (See Note 4)

     (4,428 )
        

Balance as of January 28, 2006

   $ 263,731  
        

13. Shareholders’ Equity

During the 52 weeks ended January 29, 2000 (fiscal 1999), the Board of Directors authorized a common stock repurchase program for the purchase of up to $250,000 of the Company’s common shares. The Company completed this $250,000 repurchase program during the first quarter of fiscal 2005. On March 24, 2005, the Company’s Board of Directors authorized an additional share repurchase program of up to $200,000 of the Company’s common shares. The Company completed this $200,000 repurchase program during the third quarter of fiscal 2005. On September 15, 2005, the Company’s Board of Directors authorized a new share repurchase program of up to $200,000 of the Company’s common shares. Share repurchases under this program may be made through open market and privately negotiated transactions from time to time and in such amounts as management deems appropriate. As of January 28, 2006, the Company has repurchased 7,682,700 shares at a cost of approximately $282,746 under these programs in fiscal 2005, bringing the combined total of repurchases under these programs to 16,690,400 shares at a cost of approximately $478,769

 

F-39


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

under these programs. The maximum dollar value of common shares that may yet be purchased under the current program is approximately $171,000 as of January 28, 2006. During the first quarter of fiscal 2006 (through March 31, 2006), the Company repurchased 1,602,000 shares at a cost of $68,184. All repurchased shares are held in treasury.

Each share of the Company’s Common Stock also entitles the holder to the right (the Right) to purchase one four-hundredth of a share of the Company’s Series H Preferred Stock for $225. The Right is only exercisable if a person or group acquires 15% or more of the Company’s outstanding Common Stock or announces a tender offer or exchange offer, the consummation of which would result in such person or group owning 15% or more of the Company’s outstanding Common Stock.

14. Stock-Based Incentive Plans

The Company grants stock awards in the form of restricted stock or options to purchase Barnes & Noble, Inc. (BKS) common stock, and prior to the Merger granted options to purchase barnesandnoble.com inc. (BNBN) common stock under stock-based incentive plans. Through January 28, 2006, the Company has accounted for stock-based awards in accordance with the provisions of Accounting Principles Board Opinion No. 25, “Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees” and related interpretations. In accordance with SFAS No. 123, the Company discloses the pro forma impact of recording compensation expense utilizing the Black-Scholes model for estimating the fair value of options issued. The Black-Scholes option valuation model was developed for use in estimating the fair value of traded options, which have no vesting restrictions and are fully transferable. In addition, option valuation models require the input of highly subjective assumptions including the expected stock price volatility. Because the stock options have characteristics significantly different from those of traded options, and because changes in the subjective input assumptions can materially affect the fair value estimate, in management’s opinion, the Black-Scholes model does not necessarily provide a reliable measure of the fair value of the companies’ stock options. The pro forma effect on earnings from continuing operations and earnings per share, had the Company applied the fair-value-recognition provisions of SFAS No. 123, is shown in Note 1 to the Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements.

BKS Stock-Based Incentive Plans

The Company currently has three incentive plans under which stock options and restricted stock have been granted to officers, directors and key employees of the Company, the 1991 Employee Incentive Plan (the 1991 Plan), the 1996 Incentive Plan (the 1996 Plan) and the 2004 Incentive Plan (the 2004 Plan). Additionally, options and restricted stock may continue to be granted in the future under the 1996 Plan and the 2004 Plan. The options to purchase common shares are issued with an exercise price equal to the fair market value of the common stock on the date of the grant, and generally begin vesting after one year in 33 1/3% or 25% increments per year, expire 10 years from issuance and are conditioned upon continued employment during the vesting period.

The 2004 Plan, the 1996 Plan and the 1991 Plan allow the Company to grant options to purchase up to 8,376,562, 17,667,737 and 4,754,464 shares of common stock, respectively, (7,300,000, 14,500,000 and 4,732,704, respectively, before adjustments to reflect the impact of the GameStop spin-off on shares available for grant, as noted below). Restricted stock awards are counted against this limit as two shares for every one share granted.

 

F-40


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

Leonard Riggio, the Company’s chairman, exercised 1,318,750 stock options in September 2003, by tendering in payment of the exercise price of the stock options 606,277 shares that he held in the Company’s stock. Mr. Riggio elected to defer receipt of the balance of the shares (712,473) due from the exercise pursuant to the Company’s Executive Deferred Compensation Plan. In accordance therewith, the Company established a rabbi trust for the benefit of Mr. Riggio which holds 712,473 shares of the Company’s common stock. The shares held by the rabbi trust are treated as treasury stock. Due to the deferred compensation arrangement these shares are included in the denominator of the EPS calculation in accordance with SFAS No. 128, “Earnings per share” when the impact is not antidilutive.

The weighted-average fair value of the options granted during fiscal 2005, 2004 and 2003 were estimated at $12.69, $11.68 and $8.02, respectively, using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model with the following assumptions:

 

Fiscal Year

   2005     2004     2003  

Volatility

   30 %   31 %   40 %

Risk-free interest rate

   4.19 %   3.73 %   2.71 %

Expected life

   6 years     6 years     6 years  

 

F-41


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

A summary of the status of the Company’s BKS stock options is presented below:

 

    

Shares

(000s)

    Weighted-Average
Exercise Price
 

Balance, February 1, 2003

   12,568     $ 18.22  

Granted

   1,967       18.78  

Exercised

   (5,063 )     13.04  

Forfeited

   (573 )     20.98  
        

Balance, January 31, 2004

   8,899       21.12  

Granted

   3,049       30.97  

Exercised

   (1,256 )     19.42  

Forfeited

   (414 )     23.48  
        

Balance, November 12, 2004

   10,278       24.16  

Adjustment for GameStop spin-off (a)

   4,266       (7.11 )
              

Adjusted balance, November 12, 2004

   14,544       17.05  

Exercised

   (619 )     14.75  

Forfeited

   (65 )     16.51  
        

Balance, January 29, 2005

   13,860       17.16  

Granted

   400       33.37  

Exercised

   (4,068 )     15.27  

Forfeited

   (423 )     16.94  
        

Balance, January 28, 2006

   9,769     $ 18.61  
        

(a) In conjunction with the spin-off of GameStop, and the consequent reduction in the market price of the Company’s shares, the Company reduced the exercise price of its outstanding options and increased the number of such options, so that option holders would have the same intrinsic value before and after the spin-off.

 

F-42


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

The following table summarizes information as of January 28, 2006 concerning outstanding and exercisable options:

 

    Options Outstanding   Options Exercisable

Range of

Exercise

Prices

  Number
Outstanding
(000s)
 

Weighted-
Average

Remaining

Contractual
Life

  Weighted-
Average
Exercise
Price
 

Number

Exercisable

(000s)

  Weighted-
Average
Exercise
Price
$11.27 - $15.06   2,385   6.33   $ 12.46   1,117   $ 12.58
$16.10 - $20.84   3,316   5.03   $ 17.48   2,950   $ 17.30
$21.67 - $24.55   3,668   7.94   $ 22.02   2,333   $ 21.96
$31.96 - $37.85   400   9.16   $ 33.37   —     $ —  
             
$11.27 - $37.85   9,769   6.61   $ 18.61   6,400   $ 18.17
             

The Company granted 443,400 and 50,000 restricted shares with grant date fair values of $15,020 and $1,540 in fiscal 2005 and 2004, respectively. The fair value of these restricted shares is being recorded as compensation expense on a straight-line basis over the related vesting periods which range from one to four years.

BNBN Stock Option Plans

Bn.com had one incentive plan (the 1999 Plan) under which BNBN stock options were granted to key officers, employees, consultants, advisors, and managers of bn.com and its subsidiaries and affiliates. The 1999 Plan was administered by the Compensation Committee of bn.com’s Board of Directors. The 1999 Plan allowed bn.com to grant options to purchase 25,500,000 shares of bn.com’s Class A Common Stock. Generally, options were granted at fair market value, began vesting one year after grant in 25% increments, were to expire 10 years from issuance and were conditioned upon continual employment during the vesting period.

Subsequent to the May 27, 2004 Merger, the holders of bn.com’s outstanding common stock, other than that owned by the Company and its subsidiaries, received $3.05 in cash for each share that they owned and the 1999 Plan was terminated.

 

F-43


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

A summary of the status of bn.com’s BNBN stock options as of bn.com’s fiscal year-ends is presented below:

 

    

Shares

(000s)

    Weighted-Average
Exercise Price

Balance, December 31, 2002

   18,172     3.11

Granted

   2,421     1.48

Exercised

   (4,478 )   1.29

Forfeited

   (1,173 )   4.46
        

Balance, December 31, 2003

   14,942     3.29

Granted

   44     2.93

Exercised

   (8,495 )   1.26

Forfeited

   (6,491 )   5.88
        

Balance, May 27, 2004

   —      
        

The weighted-average fair value of the options granted during the period ended May 27, 2004 and the fiscal year ended December 31, 2003 were estimated at $2.00 and $1.03 respectively, using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following assumptions:

 

     Period
Ended
May 27,
2004
   

Fiscal Year

Ended
December 31,
2003

 

Volatility

   102 %   102 %

Risk-free interest rate

   3.65 %   3.65 %

Expected life

   4 years     4 years  

15. Commitments and Contingencies

The Company leases retail stores, warehouse facilities, office space and equipment. Substantially all of the retail stores are leased under noncancelable agreements which expire at various dates through 2036 with various renewal options for additional periods. The agreements, which have been classified as operating leases, generally provide for both minimum and percentage rentals and require the Company to pay insurance, taxes and other maintenance costs. Percentage rentals are based on sales performance in excess of specified minimums at various stores.

Rental expense under operating leases are as follows:

 

Fiscal Year

   2005    2004    2003

Minimum rentals

   $ 319,070    309,082    297,939

Percentage rentals

     7,276    6,031    5,183
                
   $ 326,346    315,113    303,122
                

 

F-44


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

Future minimum annual rentals, excluding percentage rentals, required under leases that had initial, noncancelable lease terms greater than one year, as of January 28, 2006 are:

 

Fiscal Year

    

2006

   $ 344,884

2007

     331,678

2008

     315,745

2009

     296,695

2010

     266,789

After 2010

     845,469
      
   $ 2,401,260
      

The Company provides for minimum rent expense over the lease terms (including the build-out period) on a straight-line basis. The excess of such rent expense over actual lease payments (net of tenant allowances) is reflected primarily in other long-term liabilities in the accompanying balance sheets.

The Company leases one of its distribution facilities located in South Brunswick, New Jersey from the New Jersey Economic Development Authority (NJEDA) under the terms of an operating lease expiring in June 2011. Under the terms of this lease, the Company provides a residual value guarantee to the NJEDA, in an amount not to exceed $5,000, relating to the fair market value of this distribution facility calculated at the conclusion of the lease term. The Company believes that the possibility that any such payment would be required under this guarantee is remote.

16. Legal Proceedings

There have been no material developments with respect to previously reported legal proceedings, except as follows:

On March 14, 2003, a Company employee filed a class action lawsuit in the Superior Court of California, Orange County against the Company. The complaint alleges that the Company improperly classified the assistant store managers, department managers and receiving managers working in its California stores as salaried exempt employees. The complaint alleges that these employees spent more than 50% of their time performing non-exempt work and should have been classified as non-exempt employees. The complaint alleges violations of the California Labor Code and California Business and Professions Code and sought relief, including overtime compensation, prejudgment interest, penalties, attorneys’ fees and costs. On November 18, 2004, an amended complaint was filed alleging that the Company improperly classified the music managers and café managers working in its California stores as salaried exempt employees. The parties reached agreement on a settlement that provides for a maximum payment of $10,000 to the class, including attorneys’ fees, costs and class representative enhancements. On March 21, 2006, the court entered final judgment on the settlement, and the case was dismissed with prejudice. The Company anticipates that the settlement funds will be disbursed in June 2006.

 

F-45


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

The class action lawsuit In Re Initial Public Offering Securities Litigation filed in the U.S. District Court, Southern District of New York in April 2002 (the Action) named over one thousand individuals and 300 corporations, including Fatbrain.com, LLC (Fatbrain) (a subsidiary of bn.com) and its former officers and directors. The amended complaints in the Action all allege that the initial public offering registration statements filed by the defendant issuers with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including the one filed by Fatbrain, were false and misleading because they failed to disclose that the defendant underwriters were receiving excess compensation in the form of profit sharing with certain of its customers and that some of those customers agreed to buy additional shares of the defendant issuers’ common stock in the after market at increasing prices. The amended complaints also allege that the foregoing constitute violations of: (i) Section 11 of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the 1933 Act) by the defendant issuers, the directors and officers signing the related registration statements, and the related underwriters; (ii) Rule 10b-5 promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (the 1934 Act) by the same parties; and (iii) the control person provisions of the 1933 and 1934 Acts by certain directors and officers of the defendant issuers. A motion to dismiss by the defendant issuers, including Fatbrain, was denied. After extensive negotiations among representatives of plaintiffs and defendants, a memorandum of understanding (MOU), outlining a proposed settlement resolving the claims in the Action between plaintiffs and the defendants issuers, has been entered into. Subsequently a settlement agreement was executed between the defendants and plaintiffs in the action, the terms of which are consistent with the MOU. The Settlement Agreement was submitted to the Court for approval and on February 15, 2005, the judge granted preliminary approval of the settlement, subject to certain modifications. The proposed settlement is expected to be funded by the defendants’ insurance companies. A court conference was held on March 29, 2006. The purposes of the conference were to: (1) set an agenda for the settlement fairness hearing on April 24; (2) determine the timing and scope of any submissions planned by the parties before and/or after the fairness hearing; and (3) give the parties an opportunity to raise any other issues related to the fairness hearing.

Barnes & Noble.com receives communications from time to time from various states regarding the applicability of state sales tax to sales made by Barnes & Noble.com to customers in their respective states. While management believes that the accompanying financial statements reflect the best current estimate of any potential liability in this area, there can be no assurance that the outcome of any discussions between Barnes & Noble.com and any state taxing authority will not result in the payment by Barnes & Noble.com of state taxes for prior periods, or that the amount of any such payments will not be materially in excess of any liability currently recorded.

In addition to the above actions, various claims and lawsuits arising in the normal course of business are pending against the Company. The subject matter of these other proceedings primarily includes commercial disputes, personal injury claims and employment issues. The results of these other proceedings are not expected to have a material adverse effect on the Company’s consolidated financial position or results of operations.

17. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions

The Company believes that the transactions and agreements discussed below (including renewals of any existing agreements) between the Company and its affiliates are at least as favorable to the Company as could be obtained from unaffiliated parties. The Board of Directors and the Audit Committee are designated to approve in advance any new proposed transaction or agreement with affiliates and will utilize procedures in evaluating the terms and provisions of such proposed transaction or agreement as are appropriate in light of the fiduciary duties of directors under Delaware law.

 

F-46


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

The Company leases space for its executive offices in properties in which Leonard Riggio has a minority interest. The space was rented at an aggregate annual rent including real estate taxes of approximately $4,532, $4,475 and $4,275 in fiscal years 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively. Rent per square foot is approximately $29.00, which is currently below market.

The Company leases a 75,000-square-foot office/warehouse from a partnership in which Leonard Riggio has a 50% interest, pursuant to a lease expiring in 2023. Pursuant to such lease, the Company paid (net of subtenant income) $312, $304 and $638 in fiscal years 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively.

The Company leases retail space in a building in which Barnes & Noble College Bookstores, Inc. (B&N College), a company owned by Leonard Riggio, subleases space from the Company. Occupancy costs allocated by the Company to B&N College for this space totaled $872, $810 and $823 for fiscal years 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively. The amount paid by B&N College to the Company approximates the cost per square foot paid by the Company to its unaffiliated third-party landlord.

Barnes & Noble.com purchases new and used textbooks directly from MBS Textbook Exchange, Inc. (MBS), a corporation majority-owned by Leonard Riggio. Total purchases were $16,842, $18,148 and $13,829 for fiscal years 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively. In addition, Barnes & Noble.com maintains a link on its Web site which is hosted by MBS and through which Barnes & Noble.com customers are able to sell used books directly to MBS. Barnes & Noble.com is paid a commission based on the price paid by MBS to the consumer. Total commissions were $46, $62, and $75 for fiscal years 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively.

Barnes & Noble.com licenses the “Barnes & Noble” name under a royalty-free license agreement, dated October 31, 1998, as amended, between Barnes & Noble.com and B&N College (the License Agreement). Pursuant to the License Agreement, Barnes & Noble.com has been granted an exclusive license to use the “Barnes & Noble” name and trademark in perpetuity for the purpose of selling books over the Internet (excluding sales of college textbooks). Under a separate agreement dated as of January 2001, between Barnes & Noble.com and Textbooks.com, Inc. (Textbooks.com), a corporation owned by Leonard Riggio, Barnes & Noble.com was granted the right to sell college textbooks over the Internet using the “Barnes & Noble” name. Pursuant to this agreement, Barnes & Noble.com pays Textbooks.com a royalty on revenues (net of product returns, applicable sales tax and excluding shipping and handling) realized by Barnes & Noble.com from the sale of books designated as textbooks. The term of the agreement is for five years and renews annually for additional one-year periods unless terminated 12 months prior to the end of any given term. Royalty expense was $4,870, $4,551 and $3,984 for fiscal years 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively, under the terms of this agreement.

The Company paid B&N College certain operating costs B&N College incurred on the Company’s behalf. These charges are included in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations and approximated $198, $219 and $237 for fiscal 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively. B&N College purchased inventory, at cost plus an incremental fee, of $49,997, $46,468 and $43,403 from the Company during fiscal 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively. The Company charged B&N College $2,527, $2,439 and $2,198 for fiscal years 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively, for capital expenditures, business insurance and other operating costs incurred on its behalf.

The Company uses a jet aircraft owned by B&N College and pays for the costs and expenses of operating the aircraft based upon the Company’s usage. Such costs which include fuel, insurance and other costs approximated $2,590, $2,361 and $2,373 during fiscal 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively, and are included in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations.

 

F-47


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

GameStop, a company in which Leonard Riggio is a member of the Board of Directors and a minority shareholder, operates departments within some of the Company’s bookstores. GameStop pays a license fee to the Company in an amount equal to 7% of the gross sales of such departments. The Company charged GameStop a license fee of $857, $859 and $974 during fiscal 2005, 2004 and 2003.

Until June 2005, GameStop participated in the Company’s worker’s compensation, property and general liability insurance programs. The costs incurred by the Company under these programs were allocated to GameStop based upon GameStop’s total payroll expense, property and equipment, and insurance claim history. The Company charged GameStop for these services $1,726, $2,548 and $2,363 during fiscal 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively. Although GameStop secured its own insurance coverage, costs will likely continue to be incurred by the Company on insurance claims which were incurred under its programs prior to June 2005 and any such costs applicable to insurance claims against GameStop will be allocated to GameStop.

In fiscal 2003, GameStop purchased an airplane from B&N College. The purchase price was $9,500 and was negotiated through an independent third-party following an independent appraisal.

The Company is provided with national freight distribution, including trucking services by the Argix Direct Inc. (Argix) (formerly the LTA Group, Inc.), a company in which a brother of Leonard and Stephen Riggio owns a 20% interest. The Company paid Argix $20,120, $20,274 and $19,430 for such services during fiscal years 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively. The Company believes the cost of freight delivered to the stores is comparable to the prices charged by publishers and other third-party freight distributors. Argix subleased warehouse space from the Company in Jamesburg, New Jersey. The Company charged Argix $1,993, $1,828 and $1,822 for such subleased space and other operating costs incurred on its behalf during fiscal 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively.

Since 1993, the Company has used AEC One Stop Group, Inc. (AEC) as its primary music and DVD/video supplier and to provide a music and video database. AEC is one of the largest wholesale distributors of music and DVD/videos in the United States. In 1999, AEC’s parent corporation was acquired by an investor group in which Leonard Riggio was a minority investor. The Company paid AEC $326,913, $309,702 and $298,727 for merchandise purchased during fiscal 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively. In addition, during fiscal 2005, AEC spun-off their Digital on Demand subsidiary, that provided the database equipment and services to the Company. Leonard Riggio has a minority interest in Digital on Demand. The Company paid AEC/Digital on Demand $4,974, $6,206 and $4,211 for database equipment and services during fiscal 2005, 2004 and 2003, respectively. The Company believes the cost charged by AEC/Digital on Demand are comparable to other suppliers. Amounts payable to AEC for merchandise purchased were $35,416 and $30,837 as of January 28, 2006 and January 29, 2005, respectively.

The items discussed below in the following paragraphs are eliminated in consolidation subsequent to the Merger in fiscal 2003 with Barnes & Noble.com.

The Company subleased to Barnes & Noble.com approximately one-third of a 300,000 square-foot warehouse facility located in New Jersey. The Company had received from Barnes & Noble.com $558 for such subleased space during fiscal 2003. The amount paid by Barnes & Noble.com to the Company approximates the cost per square foot paid by the Company as a tenant pursuant to the lease of the space from an unaffiliated third party.

 

F-48


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

The Company had an agreement (the Supply Agreement) with Barnes & Noble.com whereby the Company charged Barnes & Noble.com the costs associated with such purchases plus incremental overhead incurred by the Company in connection with providing such inventory. The Supply Agreement was subject to certain termination provisions. Barnes & Noble.com purchased $113,758 of merchandise from the Company during fiscal 2003. The Company charged Barnes & Noble.com incremental fees of $3,303 during fiscal 2003.

The Company entered into agreements whereby Barnes & Noble.com received various services from the Company, including, among others, services for payroll processing, benefits administration, insurance (property, casualty, medical, dental, life, etc.), tax, traffic, fulfillment and telecommunications. In accordance with the terms of such agreements, the Company received fees in an amount equal to the direct costs plus incremental expenses associated with providing such services. The Company received $2,025 for such services during fiscal 2003.

In 2002, the Company through its wholly owned subsidiary, Marketing Services (Minnesota) Corp., entered into an agreement with Barnes & Noble.com for marketing services, which includes the issuance of gift cards. Under this agreement, the Company paid Barnes & Noble.com $18,153 during fiscal 2003, which represents reimbursement for gift cards purchased in a Barnes & Noble store and redeemed on the Barnes & Noble.com Web site.

Barnes & Noble.com, through its fulfillment centers, ships various customer orders for the Company to its retail stores as well as to the Company’s customers’ homes. Barnes & Noble.com charged the Company the costs associated with such shipments plus any incremental overhead incurred by Barnes & Noble.com to process these orders. The Company paid Barnes & Noble.com $2,662 for shipping and handling during fiscal 2003. The Company and Barnes & Noble.com had an agreement whereby the Company paid a commission on all items ordered by customers at the Company’s stores and shipped directly to customers’ homes by Barnes & Noble.com. Commissions paid for these sales were $1,505 during fiscal 2003.

18. Dividends

On August 18, 2005, the Company announced it had authorized the initiation of a quarterly cash dividend of $0.15 per share. Quarterly cash dividends of $0.15 per share were paid on September 30, 2005 to stockholders of record at the close of business on September 9, 2005, on December 30, 2005 to stockholders of record at the close of business on December 9, 2005 and on March 31, 2006 to stockholders of record at the close of business on March 10, 2006. During fiscal 2004, the Company did not declare or pay any cash dividends or make distributions or payments on its common stock.

 

F-49


NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS CONTINUED

19. Selected Quarterly Financial Information (Unaudited)

A summary of quarterly financial information for each of the last two fiscal years is as follows:

 

Fiscal 2005 Quarter Ended

On or About

  

April

2005

  

July

2005

   October
2005
    January
2006
  

Total
Fiscal

Year 2005

Sales

   $ 1,097,170    1,170,800    1,081,785     1,753,249    5,103,004

Gross profit

   $ 327,351    344,399    320,418     577,827    1,569,995

Earnings from continuing operations

   $ 9,906    13,467    327     122,981    146,681

Earnings from discontinued operations (net of income tax)

   $ —      —      —       —      —  

Net earnings

   $ 9,906    13,467    327     122,981    146,681

Basic earnings per common share:

             

Earnings from continuing operations

   $ 0.14    0.20    —       1.88    2.17

Earnings from discontinued operations

     —      —      —       —      —  
                           

Net earnings

   $ 0.14    0.20    —       1.88    2.17
                           

Diluted earnings per common share:

             

Earnings from continuing operations

   $ 0.13    0.18    —       1.76    2.03

Earnings from discontinued operations

     —      —      —       —      —  
                           

Net earnings

   $ 0.13    0.18    —       1.76    2.03
                           

Fiscal 2004 Quarter Ended

On or About

  

April

2004

  

July

2004

   October
2004
    January
2005
  

Total
Fiscal

Year 2004

Sales

   $ 1,058,197    1,100,349    1,042,277     1,672,772    4,873,595

Gross profit

   $ 307,783    324,630    308,754     545,809    1,486,976

Earnings (loss) from continuing operations

   $ 7,229    3,851    (3 )   112,298    123,375

Earnings from discontinued operations (net of income tax)

   $ 4,215    4,883    7,572     3,331    20,001

Net earnings

   $ 11,444    8,734    7,569     115,629    143,376

Basic earnings per common share:

             

Earnings from continuing operations

   $ 0.11    0.06    —       1.60    1.79

Earnings from discontinued operations

     0.06    0.07    0.11     0.05    0.29
                           

Net earnings

   $ 0.17    0.13    0.11     1.65    2.08
                           

Diluted earnings per common share:

             

Earnings from continuing operations

   $ 0.10    0.05    —       1.52    1.68

Earnings from discontinued operations

     0.06    0.07    0.10     0.04    0.25
                           

Net earnings

   $ 0.16    0.12    0.10     1.56    1.93
                           

 

F-50


REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

The Board of Directors

Barnes & Noble, Inc.

New York, New York

We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Barnes & Noble, Inc. and subsidiaries as of January 28, 2006 and January 29, 2005 and the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in shareholders’ equity and cash flows for each of the three fiscal years in the period ended January 28, 2006. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits.

We conducted our audits in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit also includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements, assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion.

In our opinion, the consolidated financial statements referred to above present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Barnes & Noble, Inc. and subsidiaries as of January 28, 2006 and January 29, 2005 and the results of their operations and their cash flows for each of the three fiscal years in the period ended January 28, 2006, in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the effectiveness of Barnes & Noble, Inc. and subsidiaries’ internal control over financial reporting as of January 28, 2006, based on criteria established in Internal Control – Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO) and our report dated March 31, 2006 expressed an unqualified opinion thereon.

As explained in Note 1 to the consolidated financial statements, the Company has retroactively revised prior period amounts presented in the consolidated statements of cash flows for cash of discontinued operations and for net cash flows from discontinued operations, and has separately disclosed the operating, investing, and financing portions of such cash flows.

 

/s/ BDO Seidman, LLP

BDO Seidman, LLP

New York, New York

March 31, 2006

 

F-51


REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

The Board of Directors

Barnes & Noble, Inc.

New York, New York

We have audited management’s assessment, included in the accompanying Management’s Report on Internal Control over Financial Reporting appearing under Item 8, that Barnes & Noble, Inc. maintained effective internal control over financial reporting as of January 28, 2006, based on the criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission (COSO). Management of Barnes & Noble, Inc. is responsible for maintaining effective internal control over financial reporting and for its assessment of the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on management’s assessment and an opinion on the effectiveness of the internal control over financial reporting of Barnes & Noble, Inc. based on our audit.

We conducted our audit in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States). Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether effective internal control over financial reporting was maintained in all material respects. Our audit included obtaining an understanding of internal control over financial reporting, evaluating management’s assessment, testing and evaluating the design and operating effectiveness of internal control, and performing such other procedures as we considered necessary in the circumstances. We believe that our audit provides a reasonable basis for our opinion.

A company’s internal control over financial reporting is a process designed to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles. A company’s internal control over financial reporting includes those policies and procedures that: (1) pertain to the maintenance of records that, in reasonable detail, accurately and fairly reflect the transactions and dispositions of the assets of the company; (2) provide reasonable assurance that transactions are recorded as necessary to permit preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles, and that receipts and expenditures of the company are being made only in accordance with authorizations of management and directors of the company; and (3) provide reasonable assurance regarding prevention or timely detection of unauthorized acquisition, use, or disposition of the company’s assets that could have a material effect on the financial statements.

Because of its inherent limitations, internal control over financial reporting may not prevent or detect misstatements. Also, projections of any evaluation of effectiveness to future periods are subject to the risk that controls may become inadequate because of changes in conditions, or that the degree of compliance with the policies or procedures may deteriorate.

In our opinion, management’s assessment that Barnes & Noble, Inc. maintained effective internal control over financial reporting as of January 28, 2006, is fairly stated, in all material respects, based on criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by the COSO. Also, in our opinion, Barnes & Noble, Inc. maintained, in all material respects, effective internal control over financial reporting as of January 28, 2006, based on the criteria established in Internal Control—Integrated Framework issued by COSO.

 

F-52


We also have audited, in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board (United States), the consolidated balance sheets of Barnes & Noble, Inc. and subsidiaries as of January 28, 2006 and January 29, 2005, and the related consolidated statements of operations, changes in shareholders’ equity, and cash flows for each of the three fiscal years in the period ended January 28, 2006, and our report dated March 31, 2006 expressed an unqualified opinion on those consolidated financial statements.

 

/s/ BDO SEIDMAN, LLP

BDO Seidman, LLP
New York, New York
March 31, 2006

 

F-53


MANAGEMENT’S RESPONSIBILITY FOR CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

The management of Barnes & Noble, Inc. is responsible for the contents of the Consolidated Financial Statements, which are prepared in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America. The Consolidated Financial Statements necessarily include amounts based on judgments and estimates. Financial information elsewhere in the Annual Report is consistent with that in the Consolidated Financial Statements.

The Company maintains a comprehensive accounting system which includes controls designed to provide reasonable assurance as to the integrity and reliability of the financial records and the protection of assets. An internal audit staff is employed to regularly test and evaluate both internal accounting controls and operating procedures, including compliance with the Company’s statement of policy regarding ethical and lawful conduct. The Audit Committee of the Board of Directors composed of directors who are not members of management, meets regularly with management, the independent auditors and the internal auditors to ensure that their respective responsibilities are properly discharged. BDO Seidman, LLP and the Director of Internal Audit have full and free independent access to the Audit Committee. The role of BDO Seidman, LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, is to provide an objective examination of the Consolidated Financial Statements and the underlying transactions in accordance with the standards of the Public Company Accounting Oversight Board. The report of BDO Seidman, LLP accompanies the Consolidated Financial Statements.

MANAGEMENT’S REPORT ON INTERNAL CONTROL OVER FINANCIAL REPORTING

The management of Barnes & Noble, Inc. is responsible for establishing and maintaining adequate internal control over financial reporting, as such term is defined in Exchange Act Rules13a-15(f ). Under the supervision and with the participation of management, including the principal executive officer and principal financial officer, the Company conducted an evaluation of the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting based on the framework in Internal Control–Integrated Framework issued by the Committee of Sponsoring Organizations of the Treadway Commission. Based on the Company’s evaluation under the framework in Internal Control–Integrated Framework, management concluded that the Company’s internal control over financial reporting was effective as of January 28, 2006. Management’s assessment of the effectiveness of the Company’s internal control over financial reporting as of January 28, 2006 has been audited by BDO Seidman, LLP, an independent registered public accounting firm, as stated in their report which accompanies the Consolidated Financial Statements.

OTHER INFORMATION

The Company has included the Section 302 certifications of the Chief Executive Officer and the Chief Financial Officer of the Company as Exhibits 31.1 and 31.2 to its Annual Report on Form 10-K for fiscal 2005 filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, and the Company has submitted to the New York Stock Exchange a certificate of the Chief Executive Officer of the Company certifying that he is not aware of any violation by the Company of New York Stock Exchange corporate governance listing standards.

 

F-54

List of Subsidiaries

Exhibit 21.1

Subsidiaries of Barnes & Noble, Inc.

 

1. Barnes & Noble Booksellers, Inc., a Delaware corporation that operates its retail bookstores directly and through three wholly owned United States subsidiaries.

 

2. B. Dalton Bookseller, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company.

 

3. Doubleday Book Shops, Inc., a Delaware corporation.

 

4. barnesandnoble.com inc., a Delaware corporation.

 

5. barnesandnoble.com llc., a Delaware limited liability company.

 

6. Barnes & Noble Publishing, Inc., a Delaware corporation that operates its book publishing business directly and through two wholly owned United States subsidiaries.

 

7. CCI Holdings, Inc., a Texas corporation.

 

8. Calendar Club L.L.C., a Delaware limited liability company.

 

9. Sterling Publishing Co., Inc., a New York corporation.

 

10. Altamont Press, Inc., a North Carolina corporation.

 

11. Marketing Services (Minnesota) Corp., a Florida corporation.

 

12. Barnes & Noble Services, Inc., a New York corporation.

 

13. Barnes & Noble Purchasing, Inc., a New York corporation.

 

14. Chelsea Insurance Company LTD, a Bermuda corporation.

 

15. Barnes & Noble BookQuest, LLC, a Delaware limited liability company.

 

16. SparkNotes LLC, a New York limited liability company.
Consent of BDO Seidman, LLP

Exhibit 23.1

CONSENT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

Barnes & Noble, Inc.

New York, New York

We hereby consent to the incorporation by reference of our reports dated March 31, 2006 relating to the consolidated financial statements and the effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting of Barnes & Noble, Inc. and subsidiaries, which appears in the annual report to shareholders, which is incorporated by reference into the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended January 28, 2006, and into the prospectuses constituting a part of the following registration statements: No. 333-27033 on Form S-8, No. 33-89260 on Form S-8, No. 333-90538 on Form S-8, No. 333-116382 on Form S-8, No. 333-59111 on Form S-8, No. 333-23855 on Form S-3, No. 333-69731 on Form S-3, No. 333-62210 on Form S-3, No. 33-84826 on Form S-3 and No. 33-89258 on Form S-3.

We also consent to the references to us under the caption “Experts” in the Prospectuses.

BDO Seidman, LLP

New York, New York

March 31, 2006

Report of BDO Seidman, LLP

Exhibit 23.2

REPORT OF INDEPENDENT REGISTERED PUBLIC ACCOUNTING FIRM

The Board of Directors

Barnes & Noble, Inc.

The audits referred to in our report dated March 31, 2006 relating to the consolidated financial statements of Barnes & Noble, Inc. and subsidiaries, which is incorporated in Item 8 of the Form 10-K by reference to the annual report to shareholders for the fiscal year ended January 28, 2006 included in the audit of the consolidated financial statement schedule listed in the accompanying index. This financial statement schedule is the responsibility of the Company’s management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on this financial statement schedule based upon our audits.

In our opinion such financial statement schedule presents fairly, in all material respects, the information set forth therein.

BDO Seidman, LLP

New York, New York

March 31, 2006

Certification of the CEO pursuant to Section 302

Exhibit 31.1

CERTIFICATION BY THE

CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER PURSUANT TO

17 CFR 240.13a-14(a)/15(d)-14(a),

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO

SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

I, Stephen Riggio, certify that:

 

  1. I have reviewed this report on Form 10-K of Barnes & Noble, Inc.;

 

  2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

  3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

  4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

  a. designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

  b. designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

  c. evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

  d. disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and


  5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

  a. all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

  b. any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: April 5, 2006

 

  By:  

/s/ Stephen Riggio

   

Stephen Riggio

Chief Executive Officer

Barnes & Noble, Inc.

Certification of the CFO pursuant to Section 302

Exhibit 31.2

CERTIFICATION BY THE

CHIEF FINANCIAL OFFICER PURSUANT TO

17 CFR 240.13a-14(a)/15(d)-14(a),

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO

SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

I, Joseph J. Lombardi, certify that:

 

  1. I have reviewed this report on Form 10-K of Barnes & Noble, Inc.;

 

  2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;

 

  3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;

 

  4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:

 

  a. designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;

 

  b. designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;

 

  c. evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and

 

  d. disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and


  5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):

 

  a. all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and

 

  b. any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.

Date: April 5, 2006

 

  By:  

/s/ Joseph J. Lombardi

   

Joseph J. Lombardi

Chief Financial Officer

Barnes & Noble, Inc.

Certification of the CEO pursuant to Section 906

Exhibit 32.1

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO

RULE 13a-14(b) UNDER THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

AND 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO

SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

In connection with the annual report of Barnes & Noble, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-K for the period ended January 28, 2006, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), I, Stephen Riggio, Chief Executive Officer of the Company, certify, to the best of my knowledge, pursuant to Rule 13a-14(b) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:

 

  (1) The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and

 

  (2) The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.

 

/s/ Stephen Riggio

Stephen Riggio

Chief Executive Officer

Barnes & Noble, Inc.
April 5, 2006

A signed original of this written statement required by Section 906, or other document authenticating, acknowledging, or otherwise adopting the signature that appears in typed form within the electronic version of this written statement required by Section 906, has been provided to the Company and will be retained by the Company and furnished to the Securities and Exchange Commission or its staff upon request.

Certification of the CFO pursuant to Section 906

Exhibit 32.2

CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO

RULE 13a-14(b) UNDER THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

AND 18 U.S.C. SECTION 1350,

AS ADOPTED PURSUANT TO

SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

In connection with the annual report of Barnes & Noble, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-K for the period ended January 28, 2006, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), I, Joseph J. Lombardi, Chief Financial Officer of the Company, certify, to the best of my knowledge, pursuant to Rule 13a-14(b) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 and 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that: